Although there are many causes of this medical condition, natural healing process of the arteries is the major cause. In most cases, arteriosclerosis results from the process of arteries trying to heal themselves naturally after damage. This results to a scar on the damaged part of the artery. It can result to;
- Narrow arteries
- Scar rapture after clot start forming on artery's surface. This can even result to acute blockage of the artery
- Breaking of the wall of the artery
- Weakened wall of the artery
In many western countries, this medical condition is among the leading causes of death and disability. Lifestyles of western countries make arteriosclerosis almost inevitable. This is because many people relies on carbohydrate diets that have been refined highly. They also have poor status of micro nutrient. Increased environmental pollution in these countries is also another cause of this condition. There are also situations where this condition results from lack of exercise and sunshine. Even having continued nights without adequate sleep can cause arteriosclerosis.
Basically, arteriosclerosis can start at early childhood and progress slowly over the years. In most cases, establishing the exact cause of this condition has been challenging. Nevertheless, damage on the internal layer of the artery has been identified as the major cause. This damage may result from the following;
- Increased blood pressure
- High levels of cholesterol. This may result from excessive consumption of cholesterol in the diet
- Nicotine from smoking or other sources
After damage has been developed on the inner lining of the artery, platelets which are blood cells clump up on the injured part. This is usually in a natural attempt to heal the damaged part. The result of this is inflammation which eventually results to deposits of fat that mainly comprises of cholesterol. In addition, products made of cellular wastes also accumulate on the damaged part hardening it further this causes narrowing of the artery. Tissues and organs that rely on the damaged artery for supply of important oxygen and nutrients end up not receiving enough supplies. These tissues and organs also do not get proper elimination of carbon dioxide and other waste products. Thus, they do not function properly.
Eventually, fatty acid deposits may have some of their pieces rapture and perhaps, enter into the blood stream. Organs may be damaged due to blood clotting that might occur in the arteries. This may result to other illnesses such as heart attack. Clots of blood may also travel to other body parts blocking the flow of blood to other organs.