There are no specific causes of autoimmune diseases that you can detect, but these disorders are associated with a combination of factors that may lead to these immune suppressing disease. Indeed, no one really knows what causes our immune system to initiate an attack on platelets or any other substantial body part or organ. Besides the factors that are known to cause the disease, there are also theories that you can look at and understand the main causes of autoimmunity in a better angle.There are three theories that you can review and know more about these autoimmunne diseases and they are molecular mimcry theory, free radical damage and microbial trigger theory.
- The molecular mimcry theory
This is a well put theory that suggests that autoimmune diseases may be caused mainly when someones immunes response get confused between its own cells and the viruses and bacetria that may be attacking the body organ especially, if the invader are similar to the body’s cells. When a virus or bacteria invades our body, there are special cells that chop it up into many pieces and store them in a type of pocket where our immune system can work on and render them inoperative. But there are times when this does not work out and certain organs are attacked leading to infections.
This is a theory where, the DNA in our body cells can be changed or damaged by reactive substance that are also easily found in our body. Hence, when the DNA cells are affected, this can result to autoimmune diseases. These free radicals are certain particles that rob electron fron other molecules in our body to increase their stability, and so, if they the DNA cells are attacked, this electron attack can cause an autoimmune disease.
This is a theory that proves that; if the immune cells when activated by virus or bacteria, they can attack the body’s own molecules and cause some infections.
Beside these theories, there are many other causes of autoimmune that you should know and they include the following:-
- History of autoimmune infections
A large number of the autoimmune diseases have a genetic or hereditary basis. This means that you may get the infection, if there is a history of a family member who had the infection before. However, it does not have to be the same disease that the familiy member was suffering from.
- Hormonal status or gender
Autoimmune diseases are known to attack women than male and it attacks those who are on their childbearing years. This is mainly due to higher levels of estrogen releases that stimulate the immune system.
- Toxic metal or chemical exposure
A large numbre ofg the people suffering from autoimmune diseasesn get them from exposure to heavy metal poisoinning and exposure to chemicals. Metals sucxh as mercuruy, arsenic, nickel are very toxic and can be linked to autoimmune diseases as they induce autoantibodies that cause these infections. Chemical substances like pesticides and solvents arte also associated to these infections.
Stress and trauma
Stress and trauma are also linked to autoimmune diseases. Unmanaged stress is always the main cause of many major infections. Your uncontrolled thinking and feelings can increase the severity of the infections and have impact on your immuen system.
Smoking is also kjnown rto incraese the effec t of autoimmune diseases and chiefly due to the cehmnocalks found on the cigarettes that we smoke.
Other possible causes of autoimmune infections are nutritional deficiencies especially, ifg you take foodstuffs loaded with chemicals and heavy toxic metals, steriods aand sugars that have a lot of free radicals. The other cause is due to immunization as there are vaccines that have impact on our immune system.