There are many causes of back pain that you should look at in order to understand this conditiion to you level best. These causes can be classified as a symptom of a medical condition but not a diagnosis itself. There are also the risk factors that cuase back pain that you should also look at. The medical conditions that cause back pain include the following:-
Mechanical problems are associated to the way in which the spine moves or the way you feel when you move your spine. The most common cause of back pain can be intervertebral disc a situation that means that the vertebrae of the spine are breaking down slowly as you age. Hence as you age, these bones lose their cushioning ability leading to pain especially if the back is stressed or strained. The other mechanical causes of back pain are muscle tension, ruptured discs and spasms.
Back pain can also be caused by injuries. There are many injuries that may affect the functionality of your back and the include spine injuries such as sprains and fractures. These injuries in most cases cause short-lived and chronic back pains that may affect ones lifestyle. Sprains are known to occur when the ligaments of the spine tear especially from improper lifting and twisting. On other hand, fractures are due to osteoporosis- a condition that causes the bones to weaken and become porous.
There are also ceratin infections that can cause back pain especially if they involve the vertebrae. Tumors are also another cause of back pains but they are much rare causes. In most cases, tumors begin in the back mainly if you have cancer and also spread to other parts of the body. Another condition that you can associate with back pain is osteomyelitis that involves the vertebrae.
- Aquired conditions and diseases
There are many medical conditions that are experienced on daily basis that can also cause back pain and the comom ones are scoliosis, arthritis, spinal stenosis, kidney stones, endometriosis, fibromyalgia and spondylolisthesis among others
There are other causes of back pain that are classified as the risk factor that increase the chances of developing pain on the vback and they include the following:-
- Being overweight-putting extra weight also put extra pressue on the spine and this may lead to pain in the back.
- Smoking-it is another factor that leads to pains in the back and can cause tissue damage due to harmful chemicals contained in the cigarettes.
- Pregnancy-being pregnant also increases the risk of back pains due to the excessive weight of carrying the baby.
- Stress and depression-it causes tension on the muscles of the back and with time, it can cause pain. Those who feel depressed can experience weight gain that may lead to severe pains in the back.
- Long term medication-there is long term medications that are known to weaken the bones and these can affect the spine leading to conditions such as corticosteroids.