There are different factors known to cause diarrhea and these can be broken down as follows.
Viral infections are the major cause of diarrhea and it is associated with mild or moderate symptoms. When this is identified as the major cause of the episode, it can last for three to seven days. Viral infections that cause diarrhea can best be broken down as following.
- Rotavirus which is common among infants.
- Norovirus which is common among school age children and adults.
- Adenovirus which affects people from all age groups.
This is known to cause more serious cases of diarrhea and often, it is as a result of contaminated food or drink. It is often referred to as food poisoning and it is also accompanied by severe symptoms. Some of the major caused in this case would be the following.
- It might be as a result of local disease outbreak. When members of a family eat food that is contaminated, they might also suffer from a bout of diarrhea.
- Traveling to foreign countries is also another major cause of diarrhea.
- Organisms such as salmonellae, campylobacter and shigella are also known to cause more serious cases of diarrhea.
- Antibiotics use can also trigger Clostridium difficile bacteria and this triggers cases of diarrhea.
There are other factors that might also trigger diarrhea and these include the following.
- Parasites like Giardia Iambila, Cryptosporiudium and Entamoeba histolytica are also known to cause diarrhea.
- Intestinal diseases such as irritable bowel syndrome, celiac disease, inflammatory bowel disease, microscopic colitis and diverticulitis are also known to be major causes of diarrhea.
- Reaction to medication such as cancer drugs, medications for blood pressure and antibiotics.
- Intolerance to foods like lactose and artificial sweeteners.