What Is Dry Skin?

When your skin rubs against a hard surface, the friction scrapes out the top layer of the skin, causing an abrasion. These are simply flesh wounds, with varying levels of severity. Itu2019s fairly common, especially in impact sport circles, and is often equated as a synonym to u2018road rashu2019. Abrasions are hardly life threatening, and in most cases do not go past the dermis. This inner, second layer, is responsible for the firm and flexibility components of the skin. There may be slight bleeding, in rare cases, but the pain factor is a bit more elevated, based on the many nerve endings within both the outer layer (epidermis) and the inner layer (dermis).

The damage is usually superficial, but it does leave a scar, which fades out over time-so cosmetic surgery will not be necessary. Abrasions can be anything from a slight bruise to a nasty graze. Mild abrasions are the most common and tend to self-heal after a few days, but as the severity increases, so does the necessity for treatment. The usual classification is first, second, and third degree. The first is the more obvious, more common type, prevalent with kids and some adults. This injury does not go past the epidermis, and on many occasions, it wears itself out. Second-degree abrasions may result in slight bleeding. This is mainly because they go deeper into the skin. Third degree is an abrasion at its most severe. It bruises past all three-skin layers, bleeds more, and is significantly more painful.

What Are The Causes Of Dry Skin?

When you wake up one morning and find your skin dry, it would be very absurd to rush and try to treat the condition. The first thing you will have to ask yourself is exactly where the dryness has come from. This is a question you will never answer if you have no idea what causes dry skin. Understanding the causes will help you find the right remedy for the condition. Some of the causes include:

  • Cold weather: It has been noted that dry skin is notoriously common during winter months, when the levels of humidity drop significantly. When outdoor air is cold and dry, water from your skin evaporates more rapidly, leaving the skin tight and flaky. During winter, the skin loses up to 25% of its ability to retain moisture.
  • Long hot baths: After spending time out in the cold, a long hot bath sounds like the most right thing. Unfortunately, soaking in hot water for long strips the skin of protective oils. This leaves a scaly look on your skin, especially pronounced in the feet. Long hot showers also have a similar effect.
  • Not using lotion: When the entire body is covered in thick winter clothing, it is very tempting to skip using body lotion. The reality though is that your skin needs no less moisture in the winter than in the summer. If you do not use the right lotion, your skin will get itchy and flaky even during the cold months.
  • Hand sanitizers: People who frequently wash their hands are likely to suffer dry skin on the hands. Frequent hand washing especially with sanitizers that contain a lot of alcohols strips the skin of natural oils, resulting in chapped hands, cracks and splits.

Other causes of dry skin include wearing scratchy fibers, licking lips and failing to east the right foods. Dehydration also plays a major role in flaking skin as it limits the amount of moisture available for the skin.

What Are The Symptoms Of Dry Skin?

Even though dry skin manifests itself more on the lower legs and arms, the pattern differs greatly from one person to another. You need to have a good grasp of the symptoms so that you do not end up confusing dry skin with more serious skin disorders. Note that the signs and symptoms will also depend on one's age, locale, health status or the amount of time spent in the indoors. If you are suffering from this condition, here are some of the symptoms you might exhibit:

  • A feeling that your skin is very tight. This will usually be more pronounced after you have taken a bath, shower or swim.
  • A shrunken or dehydrated appearance on the skin. This depicts an inability of the skin to retain sufficient moisture.
  • Rough looking skin. Normal human skin is meant to appear smooth and not anything related to a reptile.
  • Itching, this could easily become intense.
  • Severe or slight scaling, flaking or even peeling.
  • Fine lines or at times clear cracks on the skin. Some deep fissures could result in bleeding.

If you have registered a number of these signs, then you are most likely experiencing dry skin.

Dy Skin Home Remedies

When your skin turns dry one morning, knowing all the possible causes and symptoms isn't going to change anything. This is why you need to be more interested in the various remedies you could undertake to make sure your skin regains its smooth and shiny look. Fortunately, there are quite a number of remedies that you can try out every time your skin turns dry. While others are easy to administer even from home, other remedies will need the intervention of a medical practitioner. Remember, you should always consult with your physician in order to get a proper diagnosis and before trying to incorporate these home remedies yourself!  Here are some of the home remedies that you can try.

  • Getting enough sleep: The human body conducts cellular repair almost exclusively during rest. This means that getting enough sleep gives your skin more time to repair the cells damaged by dry skin. 
  • Exercise: Healthy eating and working out are the two surest paths to a healthy life. The story is no different even with the skin. Exercises boost the skin since they promote blood circulation, encouraging blood to - flow and supply substances throughout the skin.
  • Try This- You could also mash an avocado and mix with a few drops of lemon juice then spread the mixture over the skin for about 15 minutes. Splashing afterwards with cold and warm water leaves the skin smooth.
  • Try This- You could also mash a ripe banana and spread it thickly on the face and throat. Washing it away with lukewarm water after about a quarter an hour also betters your skin condition. 
  • Aloe Vera- You can apply Aloe Vera pulp for 10 to 20 minutes on the affected skin as it is also known to work effectively. This is a great herb that is very soothing and moisturizing and will heal the skin and also remove dead skin cells.
  • Khus Khus or Poppy Seeds- Another herbal remedy for dry skin is applying Khus Khus or poppy seeds on the itchy and dry skin. You need to grind it with milk in order to prepare a paste that you will apply on the face.
  • Calendula and Comfrey- Calendula and Comfrey are the other herbs to go for as they have skin-softening properties. They also make herbal or floral waters that are essential for treating dry and itchy skins. Comfrey is also widely used as it also reduces redness and also soothes the irritated skin.
  • Try This- You can also drink teas of peppermint, dandelion and chamomile borage, fennel or coltsfoot and get rid of the patched skin and prevent irritation and also improve the skin.
  • Lavendar Oil- The other remedy to try is adding a few drops of lavender oil or an oat extract into bath water and apply Aloe Vera cream or diluted evening primrose oil.
  • Turmeric- Fresh turmeric that is grinned together with mustard seeds and mixed with water can be a great remedy for dry skin. You just need to make the mixture and apply it on the affected region.
  • Cucumber- Cucumber is another great herbal remedy for dry skin that you can try. You just need to apply the affected part of the skin and leave it for about 15 minutes and wash it with luke water and you will without doubt wash the affected region.
  • Try This- Lastly you also need to try a weekly herbal facial sauna using herbs like lavender, chamomile and peppermint.

Diet For Dry Skin

Just like any other health disorder, dry skin can be tackled by subscribing to the correct diet. Skin cells are usually wrapped in protective lipid bubbles that keep them soft, plump as well as flexible. Eating foods that contain the 'good fats' such as omega-3 fatty acids can go a long way in replenishing your skin's natural fats. Some of these foods are:

  • Oily fish such as sardines, salmon and mackerel.
  • Tofu, walnut, soybeans and flaxseed.
  • Omega-3 fortified foodstuff such as orange juice.

Supplements from evening primrose oil can also help people who experience dry skin with itchy rashes. Foods such as garlic, eggs, asparagus and onions have rich sulfur content and thus help the skin appear smooth and young. Yellow and orange vegetables, carrots especially, contain beta-carotene, an antioxidant that works wonders on the skin.

Prevention Of Dry Skin

You have already had a look at the various remedies that can be applied when you suffer from dry skin. However, you can't dispute the fact that prevention is a much better option than cure. Here are some of the measures one can take to prevent their skin from becoming dry:

  • Take only one shower or bath a day. If you are a fan of warm showers, make sure the water isn't too hot. The soap you use should also have high fat content or should contain glycerin. Avoid any tough scrubbing as you bathe.
  • After showering, apply a moisturizer while the skin is still wet. Thick cream or petroleum jelly will perfectly seal skin moisture.
  • Cover any exposed skin whenever playing in the outdoors. If you can't afford to wear protective clothing, apply a sunscreen that contains a moisturizer.
  • Use humidifiers to raise humidity levels in your indoors, especially during winter.

In addition, you need to reduce usage of perfumes and antiperspirants as they dry the skin.