When your skin rubs against a hard surface, the friction scrapes out the top layer of the skin, causing an abrasion. These are simply flesh wounds, with varying levels of severity. Itu2019s fairly common, especially in impact sport circles, and is often equated as a synonym to u2018road rashu2019. Abrasions are hardly life threatening, and in most cases do not go past the dermis. This inner, second layer, is responsible for the firm and flexibility components of the skin. There may be slight bleeding, in rare cases, but the pain factor is a bit more elevated, based on the many nerve endings within both the outer layer (epidermis) and the inner layer (dermis).
The damage is usually superficial, but it does leave a scar, which fades out over time-so cosmetic surgery will not be necessary. Abrasions can be anything from a slight bruise to a nasty graze. Mild abrasions are the most common and tend to self-heal after a few days, but as the severity increases, so does the necessity for treatment. The usual classification is first, second, and third degree. The first is the more obvious, more common type, prevalent with kids and some adults. This injury does not go past the epidermis, and on many occasions, it wears itself out. Second-degree abrasions may result in slight bleeding. This is mainly because they go deeper into the skin. Third degree is an abrasion at its most severe. It bruises past all three-skin layers, bleeds more, and is significantly more painful.