Home / Fennel


Fennel (Foeniculum vulgure)


Fennel (Foeniculum) is best known as a perennial herb which grows to 2.5 m heights and has feathery leaves, hollow stems and flowers which grow in compound umbels to the ground to about 5 to 15 cm side. Each of the umbel features 20 to 50 yellow tiny flowers which are on pedicels. The length of the leaves is forty centimeters long and they area always dissected finely. In addition to this, they have the appearance of dill leaves only they are thinner. The part that is mostly used in making herbal medicine is the fruit.


Medicinal Uses

Fennel (Foeniculum) is used in gastrointestinal disorders treatment and it is also effective for the relief of abdominal cramps, indigestion and gas as well as bloating. It also acts as an effective suppressant for appetite. The extract got from Fennel (Foeniculum) has estrogenic properties and as such, considered essential for the purposes of coping with imbalances caused by hormones and which are known to trigger menopause. Because it also comes with calming effects it is also used for the treatment of coughs, asthma and bronchitis.


Dosage and Administration

Infusion: To make this you need one cup of boiling water and 1 to 2 teaspoons of the Fennel (Foeniculum) seeds. Steep this for ten minutes and drink it at least 3 times everyday. If you are using it for the purpose of addressing flatulence, it is recommended to take ½ a cup of the infusion before your meals.


Parts Used

The leaves, seeds and roots are primarily part of the Fennel (Foeniculum) parts which are used for medicinal purposes.



Fennel (Foeniculum) is associated with several benefits and some of the most common ones include the following.


  • It helps with the relaxation of the smooth lining muscle which is part of the digestive system. It is also useful among cancer patients going through chemotherapy and radiation treatment since it helps with the rebuilding of the patients digestive system.
  • It is an effective treatment for diarrhea which is triggered by bacteria. This is because it contains anti-bacterial and disinfectant properties. The plant has several amino acids and an example is Histadine which helps with digestion thus ensuring that diarrhea caused by indigestion is addressed.
  • The ability of the herb to increase the production of milk in breastfeeding mothers is also seen as another major benefit. What is more it also helps relieve cases of colic conditions in babies. Preparation of an infusion using bruised seeds is important and effective for treating cases of flatulence in small babies as well.
  • It comes in handy as cystitis treatment.
  • Fennel (Foeniculum) has high levels of phytoestrogens and also known as an effective emenagogue. For this reason, it is effective for regulating and easing the menstrual flow through regulation of the hormone that is responsible for the same in the body.
  • It has diuretic properties and this increases the frequency and amount of urine. Consequently, it helps with the removal of toxic substances.
  • It comes with several health properties and this include the anti-depressant, diuretic, stomachic , anti-microbial, pain reducing, carminative and pectoral properties which make it an efficient medicinal herbal plant.
  • It is essential not only in cooking but also in commercial products like soaps, toothpastes, air fresheners, antacid preparations and perfumery.
  • When the plant is dried, it can be used as an ideal repellant for insects. Crashed leaves for instance are known to keep fleas away.



Side Effects   

  • Expectant women are not supposed to use Fennel (Foeniculum) internally because it acts as a stimulant for the uterine. However, for the purpose of cooking, it can be used in small amounts without causing any side effects.
  • Dermatitis or sensitivity to photos might be noted in certain people whose skin comes into contact with the plants essential oil or the sap.
  • When the essential oil is ingested, it can also trigger cases of vomiting, pulmonary edema or seizures.


Though Fennel (Foeniculum) is associated with a rich and long history, it does not have any anti-bacterial compounds and what is more, like other products when it is consumed in excess it cab cause problems. Some of these might include increased palpations, irregular heartbeats and it also induces breathing problems. In other cases, it can also trigger neurotic problems. For the purpose of ensuring all these setbacks are eliminated, it is advisable to consult with a professional before taking any medications that have Fennel (Foeniculum).

105 total views, 1 views today