The major cause of gall bladder disorders is cholesterol. After consuming food with high amounts of fats, the body may face challenges in digesting these fats. The gallbladder contracts while pushing bile that is stored in it. These processes are aimed at pushing the stored bile to the stomach to facilitate digestion processes. Formation of gallstones is as a result of hardening of the bile in the process of being pushed to the stomach. The hardened bile form stone-like substances that cause a blockage on the bile duct. This is usually characterized by vomiting and nausea. Many people call this condition gallbladder attack. In most cases, gall bladder disorders results from pigment stones or cholesterol stones.
- Pigment stones: Although several studies have been conducted on the connection between pigment stones and gall bladder disorders, it is still not clear what the causes of pigment stones are. However, pigment stones are common in people with other conditions such as infections in the biliary tract, liver cirrhosis, and other hereditary blood diseases such as the sickle cell anemia. These conditions cause bilirubin formation.
- Cholesterol: Medical practitioners believe that cholesterol is among the major causes of stones in the gallbladder. This is because the main component of these stones is cholesterol. They can also be caused by bilirubin. However inadequate bile salts are not likely to cause these stones like some people think. Cholesterol stones are also formed when there is no proper emptying of the gallbladder during digestion.
Although there is no specific category of individuals targeted gall bladder disorders, some people are at higher risk of developing them than others. These include the following:
- People with relative who have had gallstones
- Individuals with high levels of cholesterol in the blood
- Overweight people
- Women on medication that involves consumption of drugs with high amounts of estrogen. These include some contraceptive pills.
- Individuals with chronic conditions such as intestinal inflammation. These could be ulcerative colitis and Crohn’s disease.
Sometimes, individuals develop gall bladder disorders but they do not realize it until when their condition has worsened. Perhaps, this is because not many people know the signs of these disorders. Nevertheless, when you know how to identify these disorders, you can have it treated before it worsens. There are several symptoms that can be used to diagnose these disorders.