For you to be able to understand perfectly well what hemorrhoids really are, it is important that you begin by defining them. The best description that can be used in reference to hemorrhoids is that they are veins around the anal area or the rectum that are inflamed and swollen. The main reason that leads to the swelling and inflammation of these veins is the increase of pressure in the abdomen. This makes the blood in the veins along the anal area to back up inside the blood vessels. In this situation, the veins along the anal area are forced to stretch out of their normal shapes and then finally bulge forming hemorrhoids.
When looking at hemorrhoids, you should also know that there are two types of hemorrhoids. These include the internal hemorrhoids and the external hemorrhoids. Below is an illustration of the two types of hemorrhoids:
- Internal hemorrhoids: These occur inside the anus and are not usually painful although they at times cause so much discomfort. In case a stool gets into contact with them, they may produce minimal bleeding.
- External hemorrhoids: This type of hemorrhoids develops along the outer circle of the anus and is often painful as a result of the sensitivity of the skin around them. In certain occasions, they rupture and bleed. It occurs like a round swelling outside the anus.
It also needs to be noted that hemorrhoids do not occur based on age or even gender. They can occur to anyone under certain conditions. Such conditions can be determined by looking at some of the causes of hemorrhoids as expressed in this article.