There is no doubt that at one time or another, a person has experienced sunburn. We all know that our skins need melanin to protect them from getting damaged. The amount of melanin one has will be determined with skin natural color. For instance, those with darker skins will tend to have higher melanin. So when you expose your skin to UVB rays, it is important to note that your body does not have enough melanin that can actually protect itself. This means that the rays of the sun will damage the skin cells present in your body and this makes it to turn red, hot and at the same time very bruised. For the effects of this condition to be noticeable, you will have to wait for about 2-6 hours once you have been exposed to the sun. in addition to this, the damaged skin will tend to remain that way for about 3-5 days before the damaged cells can be rid of via peeling. This condition is described as an ultraviolet burn to an individual’s skin. While this is the case, it is always advisable to be well prepared especially if you know you are going to expose your skin to direct sunlight.
Causes of Sunburn
There are various causes of sunburn across the world today. However, there are those that are categorized as major causes of sunburns and some of them include the following:
- Overexposure to sunlight is one major cause of sunburn. There are some people who have a tendency of exposing themselves to the sun with an excuse that it feels good. While this is the case, they don’t realize the risk they are putting themselves through as the light penetrates through the skin; it causes damages resulting to this condition.
- UVB rays are yet other major causes of this condition. These rays pass just below an individual’s skin and this in turn causes sunburn. As such, it is important to put on the necessary lotion or protection to prevent this from taking place.
Symptoms of Sunburn
An individual who has been affected by sunburn will tend to exhibit some conditions some of which can easily be noticed while others may not. As such, it is imperative to be on the lookout so that on the onset of the symptoms, you can get the required remedy to keep this condition at bay. Here are some of the most common symptoms.
- The region that has been affected by this condition will tend to have some redness and will make the person will pain and discomfort.
- Depending on the skin type, there are some people who will tend to have some swelling on the sunburn location that will require attention immediately.
- The region will tend to be tender once it is touched because the skin around the area has already been damaged.
- An affected person will tend to have a severe headache that will not go away easily not unless pain killers are used.
- Fever and fatigue are yet common symptoms that a person affected by sunburn will tend to exhibit.
- A person will become dehydrated all of a sudden requiring him or her to drink lots of water at a go.
- If the exposure to the sun is too much, the person will tend to have a dry and rough skin especially where the sunburn is located.
Home Remedies for Sunburn
It is important to note that there so many remedies on the market today that can be used to cure sunburn. Some are considered to be very effective as they help in healing this condition first while others will just aggravate the condition. As such, it is important to consult your physician first to provide you with the best solution especially if you want to use medical-related remedies. The best thing about it all is that, if you cannot afford any medical related remedies, you can choose to use home remedies which are simple, convenient, affordable and effective as well. Read on to learn more of the best home remedies that you can use. Remember, you should always consult with your physician in order to get a proper diagnosis and before trying to incorporate these home remedies yourself!
- Wearing Protective Clothing: If you are planning to expose yourself to the sun simply because you enjoy it, it is imperative to wear protective clothing which is composed of dark colors and tightly woven.
- Lemon: Most homes are stocked with lemons as sources of vitamin C. As such, you can use the lemon as a home remedy for your sunburn as it will help in healing your skin. The acid present in the lemon acts as a natural disinfectant that helps in reducing reactions related to this condition and at the same time helps in easing the symptoms that you may have.
- Baking Soda: This is an ingredient that is mostly used in several homes for various purposes. In case you are hard up on cash and you cannot easily lay your hands on lemons, then baking soda is the way to go. All you need to do is to take half cup of baking soda and add it to your warm bath water and mix them together. Then bath using the water and this will help in reducing the sunburn.
- Black Tea: This is yet another perfect and affordable home remedy that you can use in curing your sunburn. All you need to do is to place about 2-3 bags of black tea in your bathing water (should be lukewarm) and let them soak. The black tea tends to have tannic acid which plays a major role in reliving the pain associated with this condition. Alternatively, you can wet the tea bags in hot water, give them time to cool down and then gently place them on the affected regions for some time.
- Drinking Plenty of Water: There is no doubt that when an individual is sunburned, he or she will tend to be dehydrated completely. As such, the best home remedy you can use to become hydrated is by drinking plenty of water i.e. at least 8 glasses on daily basis.
- Wet Compresses: You can use a wet rag to apply it directly to the burn region. The main aim of doing this is that, it will provide you with a relief that is temporal from pain and discomfort caused by sunburn.
- Vinegar: Vinegar is readily available in most homes and it can be used as a remedy for sunburn. All you need to do is to ensure you have mixed some vinegar and water together. Use the mixture to apply on the burn area and this will in turn help in drawing out the heat of sunburn.
- Grated potatoes: Take some potatoes and grate them then use them to apply directly on the burn skin. It will facilitate faster healing.
- Cucumber: Take slices of cucumber that is still fresh and rub them gently on the burns. It is imperative to repeat the process as much as you can in order to get perfect results.
- Mustard Oil: Apply it directly on the affected skin and this will in turn remove any heat resulting to faster burn healing.
- Aloe Vera- Apparently, aloe Vera is the most commonly used herbal remedy for sunburns. Regardless of whether aloe Vera is in gel form or straight from its leaves, it has the ability to heal and remove sunburns effectively. It has also been used for healing both minor and major sunburns. The advantage of using aloe Vera for healing sunburns is that, it has no scientifically proven side effects, as compared to other types of herbal remedies for sunburn. Aloe Vera also provides an ideal herbal solution for various skin disorders that are caused by sunburns.
- Chickweed- Chickweed is the other herbal remedy for sunburns, which has been revered for its effectiveness in relieving the itching of the skin, which comes along with sunburns. It can also be used in its most natural for, that is pulling it from the ground and then applying on the areas that have been affected by sunburns. In addition, one can crash it using a mortar and pestle so as to from a paste that is to be applied on the areas of the skin which have been affected by the sunburns. Although it provides an ideal herbal solution to sunburns, chickweed ought to be used in small amounts for it has some side effects.
- Lavender- Lavender is yet another ideal herbal remedy for sunburns. This is due to the fact that, it has both ant-inflammatory and antiseptic components, which are a prerequisite for healing sunburns. It also has the ability of softening the skin areas that have been affected by sunburns.
- Green tea- Green tea has also been used as herbal remedy for sunburns. It is administered to the body in form of drinking beverages. Green tea is rich in antioxidants which have the ability to heal the skin areas that have been affected by sunburns. Green tea can also be applied on the affected areas directly. The main benefit that has been linked with green tea as herbal remedy for sunburns is that, it has no scientifically proven side effects.
Diet for Sunburn
It is important to note that your body is working extra hard to ensure that the sunburn you have has completely healed. This is why when you touch it, you will feel some warmth and as such, you need to eat a healthy diet while at the same time ensuring that you have drank lots of water. For those who love junk food, it is not highly advised when you are nursing sunburn. You need to eat high nutritional meals to speed up the healing process.
- Your diet should have supplements such as vitamin C which helps your skin to heal faster. The best sources of vitamin C are green leafy vegetables and fresh fruits. All you need to do is to identify with the fruits that you like most and incorporate them in your diet.
- The other thing that you should include in your diet is enough proteins, carbohydrates and minerals. This is because your body is working hard to ensure that the sunburn has completely been healed and as such, it needs enough energy to do so.
Prevention of Sunburn
It is important to note that the best way that you can prevent sunburn is simply by avoiding being burned at first. For instance, you can use sunscreen which is the best option to prevent sunburn. Here are some other best preventive measures that you can use.
- You can prevent sunburn by using aloe which will help in soothing the pain and calming the condition down. Using it right away before being exposed to the sun will help the sunburn be turned into a tan instead causing less peeling or none at all.
- Drinking plenty of water is another perfect preventive measure you can use. This will help you to remain hydrated and your skin moisturized all the way.
- Whatever, preventive measure you choose, keep away from soap especially if you already have sunburn. This is because it will cause you more irritation that won’t be bearable.
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