It is normally a feeling that makes one to feel like the environment is spinning. Most people may confuse vertigo with dizziness. But what most of them do not know is that unlike dizziness, vertigo describes an illusion of movement. There are two types of vertigo, that is, subjective vertigo and objective vertigo. Subjective vertigo is when you feel as if you yourself are moving while objective vertigo is when you feel as if your surroundings are moving. Most of the times, vertigo is accompanied by both or either vomiting and nausea. According to experts, the brain uses inputs from many sources to understand where the body is located in relationship to the world and to allow it to function. Sensory information from the eyes, ears, and position receptors in the rest of the body help keep the body upright and allow it to move. This article explains relevant detail that you need to know concerning vertigo.read on
Causes of Vertigo
There are various causes of vertigo. The common is the problem with the balance mechanisms of the inner ear, problems with the brain, or even problem with the nerves which connect the brain to the middle ear. The following are some of the causes of vertigo
- Labyrinthitis -Inflammation of the labyrinth, a system of canals and cavities within the inner ear which gives us our sense of balance. The sudden onset of a feeling of vertigo caused by labirynthitis is triggered by head or body movement, and is usually accompanied by a feeling of nausea and malaise. Labyrinthitis may be caused by a viral or bacterial infection.
- Vestibular neuritis -The vestibule is in the inner ear. It is like an internal carpenter's level. The vestibule and the semicircular canals work with the brain to control balance. Vestibular neuritis is inflammation of the vestibular nerve; the nerve running to the vestibule. Vestibular neuritis often follows an upper respiratory infection. Patients will experience vertigo, but will not usually have ringing in the ear or hearing problems.
Benign paroxysmal positional vertigo (BPPV) -The vestibular labyrinth, inside the ear, includes semicircular canals (loop-shaped structures) that contain fluid and tiny hair-like sensors that monitor the rotation of the head. The otolith organs, also in the ear, monitor movements of the head and its position. There are crystals in the otolith organs that make us sensitive to movement. Sometimes, when the patient is lying down, these crystals can become dislodged and move into one of the semicircular canals, making it sensitive to head position changes – something it would not normally do. This unusual response to head movements by the semicircular canal can give patients vertigo symptoms.
BBPV most commonly occurs in elderly patients. A blow to the head can cause BBPV; even a minor blow. BBPV can also be caused by disorders that damage the inner ear, infection, ear surgery damage, or if the patient has been lying on his/her back for too long.
Most BBPV attacks clear up within a few days. The condition generally goes away within a few weeks or months, but can sometimes recur.
- Meniere's disease -Dysfunction of the semi-circular canals (endolymphatic sac) in the inner ear. Patients experience recurrent vertigo, as well as tinnitus and loss of hearing in the affected ear, abnormal eye movements, nausea, and vomiting. People with Meniere's disease usually find that the tinnitus gets worse over time. Hearing loss may start off as intermittent, but gradually progresses until it becomes permanent.
- Head injury -Some patients can develop vertigo after a head injury. If you have had a head injury and subsequently experience vertigo or dizziness you should tell your doctor straight away.
- Migraine -Usually characterized by periodic headaches and some vision problems, such as seeing stars (as if someone had quickly flashed a strong light in your eyes). Some migraine patients also experience dizziness and vertigo. In fact, for some migraine patients, vertigo can eventually become the only symptom. Some studies have shown that migraine patients who experience vertigo during their attacks tend to show a higher lifetime prevalence of migraine.
- Acoustic neuroma -A benign (non-cancerous) tumor that develops on the acoustic nerve of the inner ear; this nerve is involved in helping us balance. Patients who do experience vertigo usually have mild symptoms.
- Dehydration –Dehydration may lead to feelings of lightheadedness, dizziness, and/or vertigo, especially when changing positions. This symptom is due to a drop in blood pressure.
- Some medications -Salicylates, quinine, and aminoglycosides may sometimes cause vertigo.
- Boat, airplane, car travel .i.e. Motion sickness -Some people experience vertigo during and/or after a plane, boat, or even a car trip. This may last from a few minutes, hours to a couple of days.
- Earthquakes -Some people who have been in a strong earthquake can suddenly feel that the firm ground around them moves long after the earthquake is over. This sudden sensation can occur on-and-off over a number of days, and sometimes weeks.
Symptoms of Vertigo
Doctors say that vertigo is more severe than dizziness, which commonly happens when a person stands up and feels light-headed. People with vertigo may find it harder to move around because the spinning sensation tends to affect balance. Sometimes the feeling may be so slight that it is hardly noticeable. However, for some people the severity of symptoms makes it hard to keep balance and carry out everyday tasks. Vertigo can last from a few minutes to several days, and sometimes much longer. The following symptoms are possible:
- A sensation that everything around you is moving or spinning.
- Loss of balance.
- Problems walking properly.
- Problems standing still properly.
- Blurred vision.
Home Remedies for Vertigo
Home treatment for vertigo has been there from the beginning, however,Bottom of Form some vertigo can bne self limited and therefore require to be treated with medications.like vertigo from BPPV or labyrinthitis is often treated with physical therapy.
- Take plenty of water. You've heard that you're supposed to drink eight glasses of water a day, and when treating vertigo,
- Try herbal remedies for vertigo. Ginkgo biloba is a popular Chinese herb that also serves as one of the most common herbal remedies for vertigo. It's available in pill or liquid form and is often taken two to three times a day–the dosage depends on the form. Ginger is another possibility, as it is known to alleviate motion sickness.
- Modify your diet. Just as drinking water is helpful, reduce the amount of caffeine you consume, since it acts as a diuretic and can dehydrate you. Foods high in sodium and alcohol should also be limited. Both of these can lead to dehydration. Consume foods rich in protein and whole grains. Adding a B6 vitamin to your diet may also help. Some studies have associated it with treating dizziness.
- Try This– Making small changes to your everyday way of doing things can also work wonders. As simple as it sounds, avoid major positional movements. For example, rise slowly when getting up from a chair, and focus on a fixed object in front of you.
- Try This– Apart from that, you can take lemon juice and salt water mixed together. Try taking almonds, pumpkin seeds, 1 tbsp. of poppy seeds and 3 tbsp of wheat, and soak them overnight in water. The next day, grind this into a fine powder. Fry butter with a small spoon of cloves, add the powder and cup of milk to the pan and bring to boil. Drink this once a day until the symptoms stop.
- Ginkgo Biloba- This herbal remedy has been used as part of Chinese medicine for a long time. It is also used in the treatment of poor memory diseases and disorders of the circulation system. It has been prescribed to people suffering from this medical condition by herbalists for many years. This herb used its high amounts of carotenoids, antioxidants and vitamin C to treat this condition. It works well when taken on daily basis as a supplement.
- Ginger- People who use ginger in making tea and cookies are not likely to suffer from vertigo. This rhizome is very essential in treating and preventing vertigo. This herb can be used by boiling it in water to make tea. You can add honey to realize better results in the treatment of vertigo. Effective results from the use of this remedy can be realized when it is used on regular basis.
- Butcher's broom- This is another herb that is commonly used in the treatment of vertigo. Some people call it Knee holly or kneeholm. It belongs to the lily family of plants. It has high amounts of flavonoids. These include steroidal saponins and rutin. When taken, this herb helps in improving blood circulation and reducing dizziness.
- Wild indigo- This herb has been used as part of native herbal medicine in the Midwest in the United States for a long time. Roots of this herb are the ones used in the treatment of vertigo. Herbal practitioners have evidence that this herb helps in treating vertigo. It boosts the immune system and also prevents other infections. Thus, wild indigo works by not only treating this medical condition, but also by preventing its future recurrence
Prevention of Vertigo
It is very difficult to predict balance disorders. Therefore, it is better to take precaution so as to avoid any accidents which can be caused by balance disorder. It is very possible to prevent vertigo. Some of the ways involve the following,
- Change your position slowly, especially when going from a lying or sitting position to a standing position. When you get out of bed, sit on the side of the bed for a few seconds to gain your orientation and allow your circulatory system to adjust.
- Be cautious when using medications that may cause balance problems as a side effect.
- Use a cane, walking stick, or walker for support and to give additional pressure and touch (tactile) orientation.
- When walking, focus on distant objects. Do not look down at your feet. Avoid walking in dark areas or on unstable ground. Falls at home occur when the floor covering changes from carpet to tile or linoleum.
- Make certain eye glass and hearing aid prescriptions are current.
- Avoid activities that move the head up and down repetitively.
- Try to avoid keeping the head tilted back for long periods of time, for example painting or dusting above your head.
- When riding in a car, try to sit in the front seat. Look out the window at a fixed point. When going around curves, look at a distant object beyond the curve.
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