Today, many people across the globe suffer from allergies. Allergies are an exaggerated immune reaction to harmless substances including food, pollen, house dust mite and pollen among other underlying factors. The body sees certain elements as a threat because it has an automatic reaction to different substances. These substances are harmless to a person who doesn’t suffer allergies. However, the immune system will identify certain elements as a threat and it produces inappropriate and different reactions to them. Therefore, allergies often start when cells of the immune system identify a normal and harmless substance as a threat. The body then responds by producing a class of antibodies that will always alert fighting cells whenever the system detects the substance. An allergy will vary from one individual to the other and can cause anything from itchy eyes, mouth, gastrointestinal symptoms including abdominal discomfort, skin rash and runny nose among others.
Research shows that allergies affect one in four of a population in different parts of the globe. The good thing is that allergies are mild. However, with prolonged exposure to different allergens, severe and life threatening reactions can occur. This is why it is imperative to have a better understanding of allergies, its causes, symptoms, treatment and prevention.
Causes of Allergies
There are many causes of allergies. They are often caused substances in the environment popularly known as allergens. Protein substances that contain nitrogen, oxygen and hydrogen are part of all living organisms. They can be allergens and are also found in food, carbohydrates, fats and other substances. Even so, the only foods that can cause true allergic reactions are proteins. Additionally, the immune system is highly functional and is known to protect the body against any harmful substance. This includes viruses and bacteria. Allergens are harmless bit the immune system can perceive them as threats thus, releasing chemicals that help to fight a detected allergen. One of the chemicals that the immune system releases is histamines and it helps to fight off any identified threat. Common causes include
- Insect bite including wasp and bee bites
- Drugs and medicine-these often cause an allergic reaction by binding proteins in blood
- Food including tree nuts, eggs, milk, meat and peanuts
- Pollen from grass and trees
- Pet dander
- Proteins from house dust mite
- Food additives can also cause adverse allergic reaction
When you come into contact with an allergen, a reaction occurs and it varies from one individual to the other. This is because the body responds differently by triggering an antibody. In most cases, an antibody will attach itself to special cells including mast cells. These cells will them produce histamine among other chemicals that may cause inflammation of surrounding tissues or swelling. An inflamed tissue can cause irritation or even take certain medical conditions including asthma, eczema and sinus problems.
Allergy symptoms vary from one individual to the other and they include
- Teary, itchy and burning eyes
- Red swollen eyes
- Breathing problems
- Diarrhea and headache
- Runny nose, itching of the nose, mouth, skin and throat
- Skin rashes
- Stomach cramps, vomiting
- Wheezing and sneezing
- Sinus pain and swelling
- Shortness of breath
- Airway and nasal secretions also increase
These symptoms occur depending on the part of your body that an allergen touches.
- Allergens that you breathe including pollen grains from trees and grass cause itchy throat, stuffy and itchy nose, wheezing, coughing and sneezing
- Allergens that you touch or those that your eyes come in contact with cause swollen, red, itchy and watery eyes
- Allergens that touch the skin cause hives, blisters, skin peeling, skin rash and itching
- Drug allergies cause stomach upsets, vomiting and diarrhea
Eating food that can cause allergic reactions can lead to life threatening reaction including shortness of breath. It can also cause diarrhea, cramping, nausea, abdominal pain and vomiting. Therefore, when you suffer an allergic reaction, it is imperative to identify its root cause. Contact a medic or an allergy specialist near your area. A medic will recommend diagnosis and possible remedy for your allergy. Drug allergy symptoms often involve the whole body, can lead to life threatening situations and display a variety of symptoms. Therefore, never ignore a symptom to avoid ugly situations. Consulting a medic will help you deal with allergies in a less stressful way. There are different remedies for allergies and help you to manage your allergies.
Allergy Home Remedies
There are different remedies for allergies. They include the use of medication and home made remedies.
Remember, you should always consult with your physician in order to get a proper diagnosis and before trying to incorporate these home remedies yourself! Here are some of the home remedies that you can try.
- Limejuice and Sandalwood– The use of limejuice and sandalwood on the effected area-apply the paste to an itchy, swollen or affected area especially after wasp bite. This will provide a soothing effect and relieves you of pain
- Almond Leaves– Mashed almond leaves can also be applied on the affected area
- Mint– Garden mint can be taken twice a day to relive allergic symptoms
- Lemon juice and Coconut Oil– Lemon juice and coconut oil are effective in the treatment of allergies. Simply apply the oil on the affected area
- Vitamin C– Eating foods that are rich in vitamin C including citrus fruits is additionally an excellent way to treat allergies. Carrot juice, cucumber juice, beetroot juice and lime juice help to heal allergies
- Vegetables– You can also drink a mixture of castor oil, vegetable juice and plain water on an empty stomach to heal allergies. These remedies are quite effective when used in the proper way. Therefore, understand your body and settle for a remedy that works best for you to heal your allergies effectively.
These remedies are quite effective for allergies. However, one of the best ways to avoid allergies and to alleviate symptoms is by avoiding allergens. Understand your body and identify any allergy triggering element. This is vital especially when it comes to food and drug allergies.
Diet for Allergies
Food allergies are common. However, proper diet can help you stay off allergies or even treat allergies. A healthy diet is known to protect hay fever among other allergies. This is because a healthy diet keeps the respiratory system in its proper working condition. You will be able to breathe better; it allows for proper nasal passages and opens up any clogged passage. Additionally, a healthy diet helps to boost your immune system therefore, it helps the body to fight sinus, respiratory infections, illnesses caused by allergies including asthma, hay fever and allergies.
A healthy diet with lots of Vitamin C helps to fight allergies and asthma. Apples, tomatoes and oranges are great source of antioxidant. Therefore, they prevent allergies and help to heal asthma.
Grapes are rich sources of antioxidants. They reduce inflammation in the body therefore, they protect against allergic reactions and symptoms including wheezing, swelling and sneezing.
Nuts are rich in vitamin E and magnesium, a mineral that enhance functions of the lung. It helps to prevent wheezing and prevents asthma because it eliminates inflammation of the lungs. Vitamin E on the other hand is a great antioxidant and helps to fight radicals that trigger allergies and asthma.
There is no doubt that a healthy diet helps to treat and prevent allergies. Ensure to eat a well balanced diet with lots of fruits to prevent or treat allergies.
The best way to prevent allergies is by staying off triggering factors including pollen, food, drugs, insects and sprays among other allergens. Understand your body and stay off these allergens. You can change your environment, observe high standards of cleanliness and stick to a healthy diet to prevent allergies. Remember, prevention is better than cure.
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