Most people associate skin blemishes with dark spots on the skin or skin discoloration. Black heads, white heads and pimples are known to be the factors behind blemishes on the skin. Blemishes affect both men and women. However there are other types of skin blemishes that are not as a result of pimples or acne. There are two types of blemishes. The first one is the one caused by pimples or skin acne. When the pores on the skin become clogged with oil that is naturally secreted by the body, it results in acne or pimples. If they are not treated the right way, they might cause scars or blemishes that are minor. Inappropriate treatment includes squeezing or picking at the pimples. The pother cause of skin blemishes is irritation of the skin caused by exposure to pollutants or dangerous chemicals. Make up and stress are also known contributors to skin blemishes.
Causes of Blemishes
Having established that skin blemishes occur in a variety of forms, then it would make sense to understand the underlying causes of blemishes. The following are some of the causes of blemishes:
- Hormonal changes are known to trigger skin blemishes and acne. This explains why teenagers are more vulnerable to skin blemishes and acne. As teenagers continue to grow, sebaceous glands are stimulated to produce oil in excess on the skin as a result of hormonal changes. Other changes in the body such as menopause and pregnancy also cause a change in hormones which in turn leads to blemishes and acne.
- Products for skin care and make-up may irritate the skin and cause blemishes. Oily skin products can block the pores on the skin resulting in pimples or acne. Using harsh products on the skin such as harsh soaps can cause the skin to become irritated and worsen any existing blemishes.
- Oily contact is another known cause for blemishes. For instance, when you work in a fast food restaurant, you are more likely to come into contact with oil from the foods which could in turn block your skin pores causing blemishes. In addition, hair oil; can also get onto the skin and block the pores. For instance those who like wearing their hair on the face are more likely to develop blocked skin pores than those who do not. Other hair products such as sprays and gels can also block the skin pores.
- Skin blemishes can be made worse by irritating and picking at them. Scraping, squeezing, scratching and picking can make blemishes become worse. The oil from the surface of your fingers may clog the already infected pores and cause them to become blocked again. Touching your blemishes all the time can cause them to spread to other parts of the skin.
- Heredity is also another contributing factor to blemishes. Some people inherit skin that is prone to blemishes from their parents or other close relatives even before they are born.
- Certain foods are thought o be the cause of blemishes. These foods include French fries, other greasy foods and chocolate. However, skin experts say that this is only a myth. Greasy food alone does not cause blemishes. However they do advise that there are certain foods that accelerate the occurrence of skin blemishes.
Symptoms of Blemishes
Skin blemishes are known to occur on the face, shoulders and back. The following are some of the symptoms of skin blemishes:
- White heads
- Red pimples
- Black heads
- Pus filled pimples
- Tenderness of the skin
- Pain on the skin when touched
- Skin cysts
- Redness of the skin around the cysts
Blemish Home Remedies
The main goals for treatment include reducing scarring and preventing new blemishes from appearing. The following are some of the home remedies that can be used to treat blemishes. Remember, you should always consult with your physician in order to get a proper diagnosis and before trying to incorporate these home remedies yourself!
- Potato juice, cucumber juice and lemon juice- These have been used by many people to eradicate blemishes from their homes. A person with blemishes just applies the juice on the infected part. The juice should be applied for about twenty minutes. Tomato juice can be combined with lemon juice for more effective results. Juice should be applied on daily basis
- Lemon juice and chamomile decoction- This decoction is prepared by boiling lemon juice and chamomile in water. It helps in healing blemishes especially those occurring on the skin. It works naturally especially when blemishes are resulting from acne scars.
- Jasmine buds and Bishop's weed juice- A combination of these juices also helps in treating blemishes when applied twice per day. This mixture has been used by many people reporting positive results. It works very well for blemishes on the face.
- Mashed strawberries and vinegar- A mixture of mashed strawberries and vinegar works very well in healing blemishes. The mixture should be applied on the affected area before going to bed. This therapy should be applied regularly as a way of cleaning the face.
- Boiled carrots- Boiled carrots are also another herbal remedy for blemishes. Smash boiled carrots then apply them on the affected region for approximately twenty minutes then rinse using milk. This works very well in curing blemishes. You can also use carrot juice for the same purpose.
- Mashed papaya- This is also another effective herbal remedy for blemishes. Papaya can be mixed with milk for effective results. The mixture should be applied on the affected part of the skin for at least fifteen minutes. Daily application of mashed papaya can see the blemish disappear within a short duration.
- Vitamins– In order to achieve healthy skin, then it is encouraged that individuals suffering from blemishes to increase their intake of vitamin E, C and A, zinc and take a minimum of 6-8 glasses of water per day. This also applies to those that have healthy skin.
- White heads and black heads can be safely squeezed without causing scarring or further infections. Ensure that your hands are clean before squeezing the pimple. Do not force the pimple to burst open by exerting too much pressure. This may cause the infection to go deeper into the skin which may result in permanent scarring.
- Soaps and Lotions– Medicated soap and lotion can be used by those who have few spots of blemishes. These skin care products may be effective ion getting rid of excessive oil on the skin. Lotions, creams and gels that contain benzoyl peroxide are also useful in killing harmful bacteria that lives on the skin as well as opening up pores.
- Retinoid– Retinoid, which are chemicals derived from vitamin A are useful in treating blemishes. They act on the skin by reducing inflammation and the increase of cells. Therefore current spots are effectively treated while preventing new blemishes from occurring.
Diet for Blemishes
The following are some of the foods that can be taken to prevent skin blemishes as well as get rid of them:
- Vegetables and fruits are rich in anti oxidants which are helpful in keeping away infections. Fruits that contain vitamin A are useful in treating acne because of the retinol compound that is found in them. Fresh fruits and vegetables are also good sources of anti-inflammatory proponents. Fruits and vegetables that are rich in vitamin A include colorful ones such as tomatoes, carrots, green and red bell peppers, broccoli, and citrus fruits, among others.
- Whole grains contain a number of assorted nutrients that are helpful to our bodies. This is because they are low glycemic foods that prevent our skin from breaking out in acne. Reducing the glycemic load in our bodies will eventually help us to improve hormonal balance as well as blood sugar levels. In addition, the skin complexion also improves. It is therefore important to replace meals that contain snacks, pasta, white breads and cold cereals with whole grain foods that are equivalent.
- Foods that are rich in zinc also help to boost the immune system and increase the rate at which wounds heal as well as physical development. Recent research shows that an increase in the intake of zinc reduces blemishes from developing. Zinc supplements however have numerous side effects especially when taken in excessive amounts. It is therefore recommended that instead we take foods that are rich in zinc such as chicken, oysters, pork, lobsters, cashew nuts and yoghurt. Foods that are rich ion proteins are also good sources of proteins.
- Fatty fish are rich in omega 3 which is believed to contain anti inflammatory properties. This is essential in reducing the presence of blemishes and preventing the inflammation of skin follicles. Fatty fish such as lake trout, salmon, sardines, flounder and herring have large amounts of omega 3. In order to reap maximum benefits from the fish, they have to be prepared the right way. Techniques that are preferred include broiling, grilling and baking.
Prevention of Blemishes
The following are some of the guidelines that could be useful in preventing skin blemishes:
- Even though it is always advised that we stay away from the sun, it does not imply that we avoid it completely. A little sun goes a long way into improving the appearance of our skin an also exposes it to vitamin D.
- Even though bacteria and excessive oil on our skin is the underlying cause of blemishes, we should avoid excessively cleansing our skin because over cleansing causes the skin to over produce sweat and oil which could cause the skin pores to clog.
- Always try to avoid junk foods and instead adopt a healthier diet which will contribute positively to our overall health and improve the appearance of our skin.
- Ensure that your body is well hydrated by taking eight glasses of water everyday. This helps to flush out toxins which may contribute to the development of blemishes on the skin.
- Avoid popping and squeezing of zits and pimples on the skin because this may lead to more scarring and appearance of more blemishes.
- Most experts believe that green tea is good for the skin because it helps in skin cells replenishing as well as rejuvenating the skin. This in turn makes your skin glow more and reduces inflammation. Green tea has also been found to contain properties that slow down the rate at which the skin ages.
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