Coronary heart disease
It is a heart disease which comes as a result of plaque buildup in your coronary arteries hence leading to blockages, a condition known as atherosclerosis. Biologically speaking, the arteries which are smooth and elastic become narrow and rigid therefore restricting the flow of blood to the heart. This causes the heart to lack oxygen as well as vital nutrients that are required for it to pump properly. There have been increasing cases of deaths caused by coronary heart disease. Therefore, it is advisable that every individual gets to know the causes, symtoms, remedies and also how to prevent it. In this article, you will find all the information you require concerning the disease. Read on..
Causes of Coronary Heart Disease
The main cause of coronary heart disease is the buildup of fatty deposits on the walls of the coronary arteries. Fatty deposits or rather atheroma, are made up of cholesterol as well as other waste substances. They attach on the walls of the arteries hence they become narrow and restrict blood flow to the heart. There are various causes of coronary heart disease which include the following,
- High blood cholesterol levels lead to coronary heart disease. LDL (low-density lipoprotein) enters the lining of the arterial walls where, after being chemically altered, its cholesterol can be incorporated into plaque. High blood pressure predisposes one to coronary heart disease. People with diabetes mellitus are at greater risk for atherosclerosis.
- Obesity may promote atherosclerosis. Lack of exercise (a sedentary lifestyle) may encourage atherosclerosis.
- Men are at greater risk than women for coronary heart disease, although the risk for postmenopausal women approaches that of men as estrogen production decreases with menopause.
- Women over age 35 who take oral contraceptives and smoke cigarettes have a higher risk of atherosclerosis.
- A family history of premature heart attacks is associated with greater risk of coronary heart disease.
- A spasm of the muscular layer of the arterial walls may cause an artery to contract and produce angina. Spasms may be induced by smoking, extreme emotional stress, or exposure to cold air.
Symptoms of Coronary Heart Disease
There are a number of symptoms that cause coronary heart disease. In case you coronary your coronary arteries have partially blocked; you might experience some chest pains. This is known as Angina. Apart from that, you might start experiencing unusual breathlessness. Here are the symptoms of coronary heart disease
- Angina: it is a common symptom. It can be a mild, uncomfortable feeling that is similar to indigestion. However, a severe angina attack can cause a feeling of heaviness or tightness, usually in the centre of the chest, which may spread to the arms, neck, jaw, back or stomach. Angina is often triggered by physical activity or stressful situations. The symptoms usually pass in less than 10 minutes and can be relieved by resting or using a nitrate tablet or spray.
- Heart attacks: they can cause permanent damage to the heart muscle and, if not treated straight away, can be fatal. The pain experienced during heart attack is similar to angina. However, it is more severe. Some of the symptoms of heart attack are sweating, nausea, light-headedness and breathlessness. In case you have such symptoms, it is advisable that you see a specialist immediately to prevent coronary heart disease.
- Heart failure: most people with coronary heart disease experience heart failure. What actually happens is that the heart becomes very weak and therefore it is not able to pump blood around the human body. As a result, it causes fluid to build up in the lungs hence making it difficult to breathe.
- Cholesterol: according to specialists, a person should have a total blood cholesterol level of less than 5mmol/liter .cholesterol is very important for healthy cells. However, too much of it in the blood can cause coronary heart disease.
- High blood pressure: it is normally measured at the two points during the blood circulation cycle. It can cause coronary heart disease since it puts a strain on your heart.
- Smoking: it has been a major factor especially among people who have been smoking for a long period of time. The nicotine as well as carbon monoxide from the smoke puts a strain on the heart, making it to function faster. This increases the risks of blood clots in the blood vessels. Smoking has had a history causing heart diseases like coronary heart disease. Since the chemicals in the cigarette damages the lining of the coronary arteries resulting to furring of the arteries.
Coronary Heart Disease Home Remedies
There are many ways that you can treat coronary heart disease. However, it is advisable if first you could consult a doctor before buying over counter drugs or using medication. Some of the remedies for treating coronary heart disease include the following. Remember, you should always consult with your physician in order to get a proper diagnosis and before trying to incorporate these home remedies yourself! Here are some of the home remedies that you can try.
- Fish oil pills- These pills contain omega-3 fatty acids which appear to reduce heart attack risk factors by preventing blood clots and heart arrhythmia by lowering cholesterol and blood pressure. Natural sources of omega-3 can be found in sardines, Pollock, tilapia and salmon. Alternatively aim for 1 gram a day through fish-oil pills. A word of warning, it is possible to overdo a good thing. Do not exceed the daily recommended dosage of fish oil or you may find you bleed for longer if you cut yourself.
- Garlic– it is a versatile food is one of nature’s super foods. Examples of garlic pills include Allimax and Equaline. You can also include plenty of garlic in your diet. Garlic is meant to help reduce the risk of cancer as well as heart attacks and also it can lower cholesterol. It simply acts as a natural blood thinner and fights infections. It prevents the causes of coronary heart diseases, hence reduces chances of having it.
- Co-enzyme 10- it is a vitamin –type substance .it is produced naturally in the body by the liver .however, as you age, fewer co-enzymes are made. Apart from that, cholesterol lowering medications may also interfere with the liver therefore affecting the production of such co-enzymes.the co-enzyme 10 substance help to protect the heart and increase energy levels. For them to function properly in the body, take 100mg with lunch or even breakfast every day. In case you have had a heart attack, it is better to take 200mg daily.
- Living positively- stress can cause heart diseases. Therefore staying happy and positively can reduce the chances of developing heart diseases such as coronary heart disease.simply, measure your happiness and live a healthy lifestyle to prevent fatal heart attacks.
- Get plenty of sleep- according to reports, most people who get heart diseases do not get enough sleep. This is because little sleep can promote calcium build up in the arteries of the heart vessels. As a result, plaques develop and can break a part .this cause strokes and heart attacks especially in women. Therefore, make sure that you aim for at least 7 hours of sleep at night to prevent such diseases.
- Test your heart- prevention is better than cure. Heart testing is a good remedy especially to people who show symptoms of coronary heart disease. In case your heart pumps blood easily around your body, rhythmically and slowly about 60 to 70 beats in a minute, it means your heart is strong. If it is not strong or maybe there are some blockages in the arteries, the heart beat will be more frequent since the heart has to work harder in order to pump blood around the body.
- Chelation therapy- this therapy is a painless intravenous treatment that helps people especially who has undergone heart bypass surgery and even coronary angioplasty. It helps to reduce the chances of stroke as well as heart disease like coronary heart disease.
- Acupuncture- this helps to reduce the risk factors for heart disease. Apart from that, it helps people who want to quite smokimg, loosing of weight and lowering of cholesterol levels, not to mention lowering high blood pressure.
- Olive oil- Using olive oil is very valuable for people suffering from heart diseases since it contains a rich supply of mono-unsaturated fats. As a result, it losers the undesired LDL cholesterol while boosting the good HDL cholesterol. Olive oil also boats antioxidant activity that is important in preventing damaging of the arteries by LDL cholesterol.
- Apples and grapes- Generally, fruits such as apples and grapes are important when you are suffering from heart disease. Grape juice can go a long way in reducing heart pain and palpitation while apples have heart stimulating properties.
- Garlic- Everyone knows garlic as a mere additive for flavoring food, but very few are aware that it can also be good herbal remedy for coronary heart disease. Regular use of garlic is important for the healing of damaged arteries. Simply add garlic to most home made dishes and the attack will subside with time.
- Onions- The other common ingredient that can be used to treat coronary heart disease happens to be onions. Onions are renowned for their well documented role in the oxidation of excessive cholesterol in the body. A teaspoon of onion juice as the first thing every the morning will do.
- Honey- Honey has also been known to be a reliable home remedy for heart diseases. This is because honey tones the heart up and improves blood circulation. If you are suffering from coronary heart disease, adding honey to your breakfast diet will go a long way in taming the symptoms.
- Vitamin E- Patients suffering from coronary heart disease are advised by medical practitioners to increase their intake of vitamin E. This vitamin largely improves the functioning of one's heart by improving the cells oxygen ration, muscle strength as well as blood circulation. This therefore lowers the signs and symptoms of the coronary heart disease.
Diet for Coronary Heart Disease
To avoid coronary heart disease, simply take food with less fats .make sure you take a balance diet to maintain a healthy lifestyle. In addition, stay fit physically and mentally by doing exercises and getting plenty of sleep.
Prevention of Coronary Heart Disease
Coronary heart disease can be very fatal. In many cases it has even lead to death of people. Therefore is better to prevent yourself by doing the following,
- Avoid smoking
- See your doctor regularly to have your blood pressure and cholesterol levels measured, and, if elevated, treated.
- Take a diet which has low saturated fat, cholesterol and salt.
- Lose weight if you are overweight.
- Pursue a program of moderate, aerobic exercise for a minimum of 30 minutes, at least three days a week. People over age 50 who have led a sedentary lifestyle should check with a doctor before beginning an exercise program.
- Your doctor may advise you to take a low dose of aspirin every day if you are at high risk for coronary heart disease. Aspirin reduces the tendency for the blood to clot, thereby decreasing the risk of heart attack. However, such a regimen should only be initiated under a doctor’s recommendation.
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