In a day, most people urinate 4 to 8 times. Those who urinate more than 8 times a day or those who wake up more than once at night to visit the bathroom are suffering from frequent urination. Normally, the bladder has the ability of holding up to 600ml urine which translates to 2 ½ cups. When the bladder has 150ml which is ½ a cup, this is when the need to urinate is felt. There are two major ways of looking at frequent urination. It can either be as a result of increased volume of total urine produced or as a dysfunction of the storage and emptying of urine. When frequent urination is noted, it should be addressed without any reason for delay.
Causes of Frequent Urination
Frequent urination can be as a result of different causes and some of these are as highlighted below.
- Urinary infection: When the urethra lining and the bladder get inflamed or irritated as a result of byproducts infection such as white blood cells, blood and bacteria. When this irritation occurs, the bladder is unable to contain urine for long hours and this makes it necessary to urinate frequently.
- Diabetes: Frequent urination is viewed as an early symptom of Type 1 and Type II diabetes. This is because then, the body is trying to get rid of unused glucose. Diabetes is also known to damage nerves responsible for controlling urine and this not only causes frequent urination but also makes it difficult to control your bladder.
- Pregnancy: Due to hormonal changes and the pressure placed on the uterus as a result of growth, frequent urination can be noted in the early weeks. Trauma caused by childbirth is also known to damage your urethra and this also causes frequent urination.
- Prostrate problems: Enlarged prostrate can also press against the wall of the urethra thus blocking urine and irritating the bladder. This makes the bladder contract when it contains small urine amounts and as such, it causes frequent urination. Brachytheraphy which is used to treat prostrate cancer can also trigger frequent urination and it affects at least 1/3 of the population.
- Diuretic use: Medications that are used for the treatment of high blood pressure or buildup of fluid in the kidney can also cause frequent urination.
- Internal cystitis: This condition is defined by pain in your bladder and pelvic region. Consequently, it causes frequent urination.
- Stroke and other neurological diseases: Such diseases are known to damage the nerves responsible for bladder function and this leads to sudden urges urination urges.
- Bladder cancer: Tumors that take up space or cause bleeding in your bladder can also trigger frequent cases of urination.
- Drinking too much fluid: When you ingest more fluid than the body is able to handle can also trigger frequent cases of urination.
- Overactive bladder: In most cases, frequent urination is not a problem on its own but rather as a result of something else. This syndrome is one of the major causes and it creates and urgent need for urination even when the bladder is way too far from full.
- Artificial sweeteners, caffeine and alcohol: Caffeine and alcohol act as diuretics and as such, they are known to cause frequent urination. Artificial sweeteners, citrus fruits and carbonated drinks irritate your bladder and this increase the frequency of urination as well.
Symptoms of Frequent Urination
While there are different causes of frequent urination, the symptoms are generally the same. The following are some of the symptoms known to accompany this condition.
- Frequency: You will urinate more than the average 8 times in a day and during the night you will visit the bathroom more than once.
- Urgency: This is an uncomfortable feeling and pressure in your bladder that makes you feel you have to visit the bathroom immediately.
- Hesitancy: In this case, you might have a problem starting the flow of urine or alternatively experience sudden stoppage when urinating. This is as a result of spasms in your bladder.
- Dysuria: This is burning sensation experienced during and immediately after urination and is often a sign of infection of the urinary tract.
- Nocturia: You might be forced to wake up in order to urinate and it is often experienced in children.
- Hematuria: In this case, traces of blood can be traced in the urine and they might be small clots or heavy blood. This is also a sign of infection of the urinary tract.
- Pollakuria: Refers to frequent urination during the day.
- Straining: In this case, you have to bear down or squeeze in order to initiate urine.
Frequent Urination Home Remedies
There are simple yet effective remedies which are known to work effectively for the purpose of addressing frequent urination. This includes basil leaves and yoghurt combined with a diet that is well balanced. With these, it is not only possible to treat this condition but it also provides relief. Some of the home remedies you need to consider include the following. Remember, you should always consult with your physician in order to get a proper diagnosis and before trying to incorporate these home remedies and herbal remedies yourself! Here are some of the home remedies and herbal remedies that you can try.
- Cranberry juice- You should take at least a glass of cranberry juice daily. This should be taken during the entire period the infection lasts since it helps in fighting off the infection and this is especially true if it is as a result of urinary tract infection.
- Honey and Basil– Mix honey and basil leaves juice and make sure that they are fresh. Drink this mixture everyday in the morning before eating anything. It is an effective way of fighting any infections that might trigger frequent urination.
- Yogurt- Take plenty of fresh and unflavored yoghurt daily as a remedy. This is known to fight against infections and what is more, it also prevents bacteria growth and offers you relief.
- Water- Throughout the day, make sure that you drink plenty of water as this helps with dehydration prevention and also helps with flushing toxins out of your body.
- Kegel exercises– Kegel exercises also come in handy because they help tighten the pelvic muscles when sitting. These are essential as they also help you get better control of the bladder.
- Monitor fluid intake- While it is important to drink plenty of liquids for the purpose of preventing urine over concentration and constipation, it is also advisable to avoid taking fluids just before bedtime as this triggers frequent urination at night.
- Bladder retraining- In this case, you have to increase your bathroom visitation interval for a span of 12 weeks. This is important since it helps retrain the bladder and makes it easy to hold urine for longer periods. You can do this by timing yourself and within a couple of weeks, you will see the benefits of this home remedy.
- Corn silk- This herb has been used for many years in treating frequent urination. It has antibacterial and antiseptic properties that are key in strengthening the bladder. However, one should take these herbs according to the doctor's prescriptions.
- Cranberry- This is the other herbal remedy to frequent urination, which is derived from Vaccinium macrocarpon plant that is prevalent in North America. It has the ability to heal urinary tracts infections that are a major cause of frequent urination. However, doctors and other health specialist have noted that, one need to take the help in respect to the prescriptions of the doctor or health specialist. This is key in ensuring that, one doesn't take an overdose of this herb, thus leading to more complications.
- Uva Ursi- This is the other type of herb that offers herbal remedy to frequent urination. It also has the ability to heal urinary tract infections, therefore healing frequent urination. In addition, it helps in strengthening the walls of the urinary bladder, hence making it possible for one to hold urine for a long time. It should also be taken according to the doctor's prescription, lest it cause more bladder complications.
- Cornus officinalis- This is herb is prevalent in China and other parts of Asia. It has provided ideal solutions to different ailments including frequent urination. This herb is rich in a variety of minerals that help in curbing frequent urination. Among these minerals that are contained in this herb includes morroniside, gallic and cornin.
- Schisandra Chinensis- This is the other Chinese her that is used for curing frequent urination. It has provided an ideal solution to numerous bladder disorders, which are the key cause of frequent urination. It also helps in reducing fatigue that is caused by frequent urination. However, it ought to be taken in small dosages for it has some negative side effects while used in excess.
Diet for Frequent Urination
When it comes down to a diet for frequent urination, the most logical thing to do is keep a journal of foods that trigger the condition. Keep a close eye on the foods you eat and the drinks you have and this will guide you towards planning your diet better. A diet that is rich in fiber is necessary for the purpose of reducing frequent urination. While this is the case, there are certain foods you need to avoid and some of these are as highlighted below.
- Caffeine: This acts as a diuretic and stimulant and as such, it should be avoided at all costs. They contract the bladder and this forces you to urinate at frequent intervals. Limit the number of coffee cups you drink everyday as well the amount of soda.
- Acidic foods: There are foods that are highly acidic and as such, they trigger allergic reactions in the body leading to frequent urination. These foods include salsa, coffee, sodas and orange juice.
- Gluten: This type of protein is found in triticale, wheat, barley and rye. The grains have a different protein and are known as prolamins collectively. These prolamins are known to trigger numerous complications in people who don’t have the ability of tolerating high gluten in their food. This in turn causes frequent urination. Foods that fall in this category and which need to be avoided include muffins, pizza, bread, pretzels and pasta.
- Spicy foods: These are known to irritate the bladder and they include curry, chili peppers, horse radish, Chinese foods, Mexican foods, horse radish, jalapeno peppers and salsa.
- Phosphorous foods: People with kidney diseases as well as frequent urination should east foods that are low in phosphorous and this means avoiding foods such as peanut butter, dairy products, nuts and meat. While this is an essential requirement for the body, when it is consumed in plenty it can cause adverse complications and it is for this reason that it is discouraged.
- Alcoholic beverages: This is found in hard liquor, wine and beer. It interferes with the neurological functioning of the bladder and it weakens the muscles and makes it impossible to control the flow of urine this triggering frequent urination. When this continues, it can cause dehydration and in some cases, urinary tract infections.
Prevention of Frequent Urination
Because there are numerous causes for frequent urination, there is no specific way of preventing it. While this is the case, there are a couple of things you might consider and these are as highlighted below.
- You should adhere to a proper diet.
- Avoid taking excess fluids and foods that play the same role as diuretics.
- Carry out kegel exercises for the purpose of keeping your pelvic floor muscles finely tones. This makes it possible to hold off the need to urinate frequently.
- If you note any symptoms of frequent urination, it is advisable to consult with your doctor immediately in order to ensure the condition is addressed in time.
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