Genital wart is a disease that is transmitted through a sexual intercourse. It is very contagious and it may result from some categories of human papillomavirus. This disease can be spread from one person to another through skin contact. This could be during anal sex, genital or oral contact with an infected person. Warts are among the easily recognized human papillomavirus infections. Type six and eleven are responsible for about 90 percent of wart cases. It is estimated that about one and five percent of those with wart infections are capable of spreading the virus. Other types of this virus can result to cervical cancer. This is in most cases anal cancer. However, it is important to note that HPV type that causes warts is not the same as the one that cause anal or genital cancer. Nevertheless, the prevalence of warts causing virus has been ranging between 27 percent and 45 percent in people who are sexually active. Genital warts infections are high in people aged between 14 to 19 years.
Causes of Genital Warts
Genital Warts are just like other sexually transmitted diseases. Most cases of this infection are as a result of human papilloma virus. These affect the top layer of the skin in the genitals. Basically, there are many types of human papilloma virus. There are more than 100 types of HPV virus which can cause warts. However, genital warts results from a small number of strains of the HPV. Nevertheless, this strain though small is very contagious. It can easily be passed from one person to another through contact with the infected part. Types six and eleven are the most common causes of genital warts.
Basically, the major ways through which one can get genital warts include;
- Engaging in sexual intercourse with many partners without using protection.
- Unprotected sex with a person with warts infection.
- Stress and also other viral infections that may occur at the same time
- Engaging in sexual intercourse with persons with unknown sexual history
- People who start having sexual relations at a tender age are also at a greater risk of getting warts infections
- Chances of developing warts are also higher with people with open wounds around their genitals even if they use protection while having sex with an infected person.
Generally, warts will appear after approximately three months of infection. There are also cases where infected persons go for years without any sign. Thus, an individual can be a carrier of this virus for many years.
Symptoms of Genital Warts
Genital warts can develop on the vaginal wall, vulva or even between genitals on the external part. They can also develop on the cervix and the anus. In men, warts will appear on the shaft or tip of the penis. They can also develop on the anus or scrotum. People who engage in oral sex with infected persons can have them develop on the throat or mouth. Among the most noticeable symptoms include;
- Discomfort in the genital region,
- Itching of the genitals,
- Fresh, small or even Grey swellings on the genital area,
- A group of warts appearing together in a cauliflower shape,
- Bleeding while having a sexual intercourse,
- Sometimes genital warts can develop into large clusters,
- Wart develops at a faster rate in pregnant women or people with weak immune systems,
- They also appear faster when diabetic persons are infected.
These symptoms may appear together. There are also cases where one symptom appears then others follow gradually. It is important that if you notice any of these symptoms you consult your doctor for medical examination. This will help you find out if you have genital warts or if it is a different condition.
Genital Wart Home Remedies
There are many home remedies for genital warts. However, the best remedies are the ones that fight wart not just from the outside, but also from the inside. Among the commonly prescribed home and herbal remedies include: Remember, you should always consult with your physician in order to get a proper diagnosis and before trying to incorporate these home remedies and herbal remedies yourself! Here are some of the home remedies and herbal remedies that you can try.
- Apple Cider Vinegar– Use of vinegar made of apple cider. This is a home remedy for genital warts. An infected person applies this vinegar on the infected region using a soft cloth. The warts should also be massages gently while applying the vinegar.
- Vitamin E- Rubbing the infected region with oil that has vitamin E can also help in healing warts. The oil should rub on the infected part about four to six times per day. When continued for sometime, warts fade away.
- Aloe– Applying fresh Aloe juice to the affected area will serve the purpose of dissolving the genital warts, as well as the added advantage of soothing the skin around it. Aloe is a popular remedy for the treatment of viruses, and with daily applications of extracts from the Aloe plant, you can get rid of the problem from within two to four weeks. It works pretty well, and is one of the plants that are easy to grow.
- Lemongrass and Green Tea– There are also some varieties of herbal teas that are very effective remedies. The likes of lemongrass and green tea all serve to reduce the effects of genital warts by clearing skin ailments, and soothing the affected area.
- Tea Tree and Thuja Oil- There is also the famous tea tree and thuja oil solution that ranks as one of the most sought after remedies for many skin based ailments. Like Aloe, this solution rapidly dissolves the genital warts, and soothes the skin, getting rid of that itching sensation.
- Milkweed- The best herbal remedies for Genital warts are the ones that deal on direct application. This is usually the case with many skin diseases, and why the Milkweed treatment still ranks right up there with the best of them. Milkweed has been given a thumbs-up by many researchers for its highly effective curing agents, as well as the resultant soothing properties that make the affected area less irritated.
- Chamomile- Chamomile is also a very effective agent in the treatment of genital warts. Its extracts contain anti-viral compounds that help fight the disease. The most effective way known involves dipping a soft, clean cloth into a chamomile solution, and applying it directly onto the warts several times a day.
Diet for Genital Warts
Although there are drugs and herbal remedies that can be used in dealing with genital warts, diet can also play a role in coping with these infections. However, you have to know what to include in your diet for the best results. Among the foods to include in your diet if you have genital warts include the following.
- Garlic: Many people have used garlic as a medicine for many years. However, many do not know the exact component of garlic that gives it healing property. Nevertheless, this food has antimicrobial component. Allicin is the major component of garlic that is responsible for killing a wide range of pathogens. These include virus that cause genital warts. Garlic is capable of killing these viruses without causing harm on beneficial bacteria. This can be crushed in the food, added to a pasta sauce or even used raw.
- Vitamin B12: Eating foods that are rich in vitamin B12 can also help in destroying HPV. It can also hinder its replication. Foods that are rich in this vitamin include fish, meat, milk, poultry, eggs, some nuts, kelp, legumes and seeds.
- Vitamin C: Apart from boosting the immune system, Vitamin C acts as a powerful antioxidant. It facilitates production of important immune cells. Basically, vitamin C stimulates production of white blood cells. These include lymphocytes, neutrophils and phagocytes. These are very active in attacking HPV. This vitamin is also very important in facilitating production of protein and interferon. Thus, eating foods that are rich in vitamin C can help in dealing with genital warts. Foods that have high amounts of vitamin C include rose hips, citrus fruits, bell pepper and a number of tropical fruits. Broccoli and Brussels sprouts also have high amounts of this vitamin. To preserve vitamin C in the food, do steam cooking while preparing your meals.
- Olive products: Olive oils and olive leaves have high amounts of fatty acids. They also have phytochemicals that have anti-inflammatory properties. They also have antimicrobial properties which are very important in dealing with genital warts. Fresh extract of olive leaves has high antioxidant capacity greater than that of green tea. This plays an important role in dealing with genital warts.
Prevention of Genital Warts
Most cases of genital warts infection results from sexual intercourse with infected persons. These can be prevented by;
- Avoiding sexual intercourse with people whose sexual history you do not know
- Having protected sex
- Avoiding unprotected oral sex
- Being tested before engaging in sexual intercourse. This is very important because some people have genital warts but they do not show any symptoms.
- Avoid sharing of towels and other things that can facilitate viral transmission.
Generally, genital warts can be prevented if one has important knowledge on how to avoid chances of getting infected. Nevertheless, the one of the best ways of preventing warts infections is through abstinence. If you must have sex, make sure that you have it with only one partner. You also need to be tested before having sex to avoid transmission.
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