Maybe you wake up in the morning and realized your nose is blocked and it is swollen. That is a clear indication that you are suffering from nasal congestion. Commonly known as nasal blockage, nasal congestion is a condition whereby, the nasal passage of one nose is blocked, due to swelling of the lining that is inside the nose. The condition can also attack ears, thus hindering them from hearing effectively. Worse still, the blockage of the nose can cause one to snore during the night. In addition, nasal congestion has been deemed responsible for causing sleep apnea, a condition that interferes with the sleeping patterns, which is normally common in children.
Nasal congestion in children has also been perceived responsible for chronic sleeping disorders. For babies, the condition has been attributed to an interference with the breast feeding. This has further been linked to prompting respiratory distress. Nevertheless, the condition can only be a nuisance to grown ups and adolescents, but there is no scientific prove that nasal congestion in adults can cause further complications.
Causes of Nasal Congestion
Just like other conditions and diseases that have attacked man since time immemorial and have their own causes, nasal congestion to have its causes. As stated earlier before, nasal blockage is caused by the swelling of the nose lining. It is this swelling of the nose lining that causes the entire nose to block and swell. All in all, there are many causes that are attributed to the swelling of the nose. Among these causes that have been deemed to have a great role to play in the swelling and blocking of the nose includes among them:
- Allergies -Allergies have for long been attributed to nasal congestion. Some allergies that have led to some serious body reactions have been proven to cause the swelling of the nose lining. For instance, allergies to dust and pollen grain can make the nose linings of some people to swell, thus leading to nasal congestion. Numerous studies have indicated that, allergies account for more than 30% of nasal congestion cases.
- Common Cold– Common cold has also been linked with nasal congestion. In fact, doctors and other health specialists have pointed out that, common cold accounts for more than half of the cases of nasal congestion cases, which are prevalent in the world. This is due to the fact that, when one has cold, there is a lot of mucus secretion. In return, this over secretion of mucus has been linked to blockage of the nose. In addition, there are a variety of viruses that have been deemed responsible for causing cold. Apparently, these viruses also lead to the swelling of the nose lining. Therefore, in cases where one is having a common cold, chances of developing nasal congestion are very high. It is also worth noting that majority of nasal congestion cases occurs during winter and other cold months. This is due to the fact that, during these seasons, many people develop common colds, which has directly been linked to nasal congestion.
- Cystic Fibrosis -This is the other condition that has been termed the cause of nasal congestion. It is a genetic disease that attacks the secretory glands. This in return causes the over production of both mucus and sweat. This condition attacks the lungs, heart and at times the pancreas. This over secretion of mucus is linked to the blockage of the nose.
- Flu-Influenza -This is the other condition that has been attributed to nasal congestion. Its main cause is the infection of respiratory system that is done by viruses. Upon getting influenza, the lining of the nose may start swelling, therefore causing the entire nose to block. Influenza is characterized by common colds and fever, which leads to over secretion of mucus and swelling of the nose lining. Consequently, this leads to nasal congestion.
- Drugs Abuse-Drugs abuse has also been termed as the other cause of nasal congestion. This is due to the fact that, there are some commonly abused drugs that have been proven to interfere with the lining of the nose. Among them includes cigarettes smoke. It is due to this continued interference with the nose lining, that causes its swelling. Apparently, this will cause the nose to swell and block thus causing nasal congestion.
- Post Natal Drip– Post natal drip is the condition whereby, there is an accumulation of mucus, which takes place at both the back of the nose and the throat. This accumulation of mucus is the one that is responsible for the swelling of the nose lining and the blockage of the entire nose. Apart from causing nasal congestion, post natal drip has also been termed as a major cause of chronic sore throat and a series of chronic cough.
Apart from this diseases and conditions that have been mentioned above, there are many causes that prompt the swelling of the nose lining. This therefore leads to the blockage of the entire nose. It is therefore worth noting that any condition that is deemed responsible for the swelling of the nose lining is considered a possible cause of nasal congestion.
Symptoms of Nasal Congestion
There are many symptoms that are attributed to nasal congestion. Upon noting these symptoms, one should consider themselves as having nasal congestion. Among these symptoms includes.
- Stuffy Nose– When one develops a stuffy nose that is accompanied by the swelling of the forehead, then this serves as a symptom of nasal congestion. In addition, the swelling can also take place in nose and the eyes.
- Throat pain– Throat pain is another symptom of nasal blockage. It is accompanied by yellow and white spots that are notable on tonsils and throat parts.
- Coughing-Prolonged coughing episodes, is the other symptom of nasal congestion. The coughing can extend for more than 10 days.
- Prolonged stuffy nose– If one experiences a stuffy nose, that extends to more than two weeks, which becomes a nuisance, and then one should consider them as having nasal congestion.
Nasal congestion Home Remedies
There are a number of home remedies that can be used to cure nasal congestion. Remember, you should always consult with your physician in order to get a proper diagnosis and before trying to incorporate these home remedies and herbal remedies yourself! Here are some of the home remedies that you can try.
- Laying the patient on their back-One can lay the affected person on their back and proceed to lay soft clothing under their arms. This is deemed responsible for easing the intensity of the nasal blockage.
- Draining the mucus– As stated earlier before, mucus remains a major cause of nasal congestion. This therefore calls for one to completely drain it from the nasal cavity. This can be done by laying the infected person on their stomach. One should therefore proceed to wipe out the mucus with a soft clothing or tissue paper.
- Using nasal bulb– Commonly referred to as a nasal pub or an aspirator, is a device that is used for draining mucus. It is easier to operate for all one ought to do is to insert its tip into one of the nostrils. This way one would be allowing air to enter the nasal pub. After inserting its tips in one of the nostrils, one should proceed and suck out all the mucus that is in the nose, by squeezing it. This way, one will have eliminated the excess mucus that is in the nose. Apparently, this mucus is responsible for the blocking of the nose.
- Using Saline nose drops-This is the other way that has been used to drain the mucus that is responsible for causing nasal congestion. This saline nose drops should be mixed with some salty water and put inside the nose, with one nostril at time. After doing this repeatedly for a number of days, the mucus will finally dry up, therefore eliminating nasal congestion.
- Nasal Sprays – Using nasal sprays, has for a long time been used for draining the mucus that is contained in the nose of the infected person. They have been recommended as ideal for draining mucus in babies that are below the age of two years.
- Drinking a lot of water– Drinking water is the other remedy that has been used in eliminating nasal congestion. Staying hydrated has been proven as one of the way to ensure that there is no over secretion of mucus. This way, one would have completely eliminated nasal congestion.
- Bayberry root: If you are suffering from sinus congestion, bayberry is one of the herbs you can always turn to. Being a natural when it comes to relieving one from congestion, this herb has several medical applications. However, this remedy should only be used by adults so do not try administering it to a kid. Adults should take two bayberry extract capsules thrice each day for the congestion to ease.
- Bitter orange: Citrus fruits also fall under the most commonly used natural remedies. Orange oil will be very essential if you are looking for herbal remedy for nasal congestion. Simply rub bitter orange oil inside your nostrils and the irritation brought about by congestion of the nasal passages will disappear. You could also combine the remedy with other citrus fruits such as lemons and tangerines.
- Ginger: It is becoming impossible to talk about herbal remedies and fail to mention ginger. The root of this precious herb is one of the most effective remedy for nasal congestion. Start by crashing a piece of ginger root then wrap it inside a thin piece of cloth. Hold the poultice against your forehead for some minutes and sinus drainage will be triggered.
- Garlic: Garlic is one of the most commonly used ingredients in many homes. However, many people aren't aware that garlic extract is very effective in the home treatment of nasal congestion. Taking a tablespoon of garlic extract several times during the day can help relieve congestion within the nasal cavities.
- Steam tent: If you are looking for a quick home remedy for nasal congestion then a steam tent will always suffice. Heat a water pot over a stove and wait till the steam starts rising. Drape a towel on your head, lean over the pot and start inhaling the steam. This will help unclog your nose but ensure you protect your face from being scalded.
Diet for Nasal Congestion
There are special diets that have been recommended for those that are suffering from nasal congestion. Majority of these diets have been used to curb allergies that are deemed responsible for causing nasal congestion. Among them includes eating grapes. Grapes have for long been revered for their ability to eliminate a number of allergies that are attributed to nasal congestion.
Those that are suffering from this condition are further advised to consume a balance diet. This is partly because; a balanced diet has the ability to boost body’s immune. This will therefore ensure that the body is in a position to fight any disease. With nasal congestion not being an exemption.
Prevention of Nasal Congestion
There are also ways that can be used to prevent this condition from attacking humans. Among them includes preventing one self from getting infected with conditions that are perceived to cause nasal congestion, such as common cold and influenza. This can be done by taking antibiotics and other medicines. One should also seek medical attention, upon noting some symptoms of nasal congestion. Having done that, one will have eliminated nasal congestion for good.
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