Knee injury, though common has a higher risk factor in people engaged in athletic activities, trauma injuries, those who are aging and overweight people who put a lot of strain on their knees each and every day. This is because these groups of people are involved in either overuse of the knee joints or lack of enough stretching exercises, not warming up or cooling down and poor form when undertaking physical activities. There are also many simple causes of knee pain which will clear away with time or with a little home care.
The severe forms of knee injuries that require specialized or dedicated medical attention include the following:
Injuries can take the following forms
- Sprains. An individual can suffer posterior or anterior cruciate prain or even medial and lateral collateral ligament sprain
- Lateral or medial tear of the meniscus
- Muscle strains like in the popliteal tendon or muscle, quadriceps tendon or muscle and patellar tendon.
- Hemarthrosis which is a simple knee injury pain that lasts a few hours.
There are several diseases that often bring about knee pain. The comprehensive list includes: knee rheumatoid arthritis, Larsen-Johansson disease, Osgood-schlatter disease, discoid meniscus, meniscal cyst, chondromalacia patella, knee osteoarthritis, osteochondritis dissecans and synovial chondromatosis diseases, tumors, ankylosing spondylitis, gout, hemophilic arthritis, osteomyelitis, septic arthritis, tuberculosis and reiter’s syndrome.
- Synovitis of the knees
- Jumper’s knee, hamstring and popliteal tendinitis
- Bursitis. These include the housemaids knee which is the most common in thiscategory, the clergyman’s knee and the semimembranosus bursitis
Deformities that commonly lead to knee pain include bipartite patella, knee flexion deformity, knee hyperextension, genu valgum and genu varum.
Common syndromes associated with knee pain include plica syndrome, iliotibial band and the patellofemoral pain syndrome.
Fractures and dislocations
Femoral fracture, patella fracture and tibial fracture would definitely result in knee pain. On the other hand, dislocation of the patella would result in extensive amount of pain. Tibiofemoral joint dislocation or commonly knee joint dislocation can also cause extensive pain.
- Sometimes the knee may experience pain as a result of problems in the other part of the body. Such kind of pain is called referred knee pain.
- Other sources of knee pain are cold induced, deep vain thrombosis, knee effusion, ligamentous laxity and pat pad impingement.