Lice are common scavenger insects that have been known to feed on debris found on another organism’s body including the skin, blood and sebaceous secretions. Biologically, they belong to the order Phthiraptera which includes 3000 other wingless insects most of which are obligate ectoparasites. Humans have been known to host lice since hundreds of years ago in the head, pubic areas and the body in general. Lice infestation is thus not a new disease and this condition of being infested with pubic lice, body lice and head lice is called pediculosis.
The body lice, Pediculus humanus humanus has a very distinguished appearance from the head lice, Pediculus humanus capitis. Under laboratorial conditions, they have been known to breed yet in the natural environment, the will not interbreed. Body lice specifically attach its eggs onto clothes while the head lice will attach their eggs on hairy places specifically the basal region of hairs. Biologists have confirmed that the body louse evolved from the head louse and this occurred at the time when clothes originated, a bout a thousand centuries ago.
Personal contact and sharing of personal items like clothing, caps, brushes, caps, combs and others is known to spread lice and as such it is a common disease in school going and preschool children. Because lice will commonly causes tickling feelings on the body or hair, children who are infested usually report itching, head sores and a feeling of movements in the hair.
The treatment of human lice has been researched for centuries. Pediculosis cases surprisingly have been increasing since the 50’s. In fact, no single treatment method or product can lead to a hundred percent destruction of newly hatched lice or even their eggs. Treatment modalities have to be effected in combination and repetition to achieve success. The range lice eradication methods available include shaving, combing, plucking and, usage of hot air, silicon-based cleaning solutions, natural products and chemical treatments.