Different menstrual problems have different causes. They include the following:
This refers to lack of menstrual period. This condition is categorized into two classes. There is the primary amenorrhea and secondary amenorrhea. Primary amenorrhea refers to a situation where a girl of 16 or 14 years fail to have menstrual periods. This is treated as a normal case for girls starting their monthly periods. Secondary amenorrhea is a situation where menstruation stops in a woman who has always had a regular monthly period in the past. It can be caused by problem hormonal control problem in the hypothalamus. It can also be as a result of excessive loss of weight, stress, depression or ovary problems. These activities in the body may result to premature failure of the ovary, high levels of male hormone in the blood, polycystic ovaries syndrome (PCOS), or even genetic disorders.
This refers to infrequent or irregular periods. Periods may occur anytime during six month or even after several months. Causes of this problem are almost similar to those of amenorrhea polycystic ovaries syndrome is one of the common cause in women with this problem. This is a problem where the ovaries have more follicles than usual. These are swellings that develop every month towards the release of an ovum. Changes in the level of hormones in the body can also cause this condition. For instance women with high levels of testosterone hormone in the body may have this problem. PCOS also causes complex hormonal changes where follicles may remain generally immature. Thus, no eggs are released. Women with this condition are less fertile since they rarely ovulate.
This refers to period pains. It affects approximately 40 to 70 percent of women in their reproductive age and majority of these women experience discomfort during their periods. The discomfort is usually related to womb's movement and changes in hormonal balance. Thus, it is attributed to chemicals circulating in the body during periods. Many women experience pain in the pelvis or lower abdomen. This pain can radiate to the thighs and it may last for up to 72 hours. It can start as a dull ache that starts before or even during period. It may be accompanied by diarrhea, headaches, vomiting and nausea. This menstrual problem is commonly caused by fibroids and endometriosis. Endometriosis is a situation in which cells making the womb's lining are also in other parts. These cells responds to the hormone responsible for menstruation just like the wall of the womb. These results to pain and it may cause inflammation. Fibroids are tumors or growths that are not cancerous which develops inside the uterus. They can be big or small and they cause significant pain during period. They can also increase the intensity of periods.
This is another menstrual problem that is very common among women. It refers to mood swings and physical changes that occur during periods. It is also associated with breast tenderness, irritability and low moods and also bloating in some women. Although the exact cause of PMS is not known, severity increases during hormonal surges that include pregnancy and puberty. It is also common in women at the age of 30 to 45 years.
This refers to heavy bleeding during periods. Among the major cause of menorrhagia are fibroids and endometriosis. Cervix or uterus cancer can also cause excessive bleeding.