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Mugwort (Artemisia vulgaris)


Mugwort is a species of perennial plants that belong to the Artemisia genus. This plant has long leaves of five to twenty centimeters. These leaves are dark and green with tomentose hairs that are white in color. Its stem is red-purplish and it bears small flowers. It is also referred to as Chrysanthemum weed, Wild wormwood, Sailor's tobacco, Felon herb and Naughty man among other names. It is native to Asia, Alaska, North Africa and Europe. Mugwort is very common in nitrogenous soils such as cultivated and weedy soils on the roadside and waste places. It is a tall plant that can grow to a height of one to two meters and it also has woody roots. This plant flowers during the months of July and September. Its buds and leaves are used as food after the plant has flowered. They are used as flavoring agents for meat, fish and fat.


Medicinal uses

Mugwort has essential oils that include wormwood oil, cineole and thujone. It also has triterpenes, coumanrin derivatives and flavonoids. Over the years, this plant has served like an anthelminthic. It has been prescribed to patients with cardiac complaints and those feeling unwell, unease or individuals with general malaise. It has also been part of traditional Chinese, Korean and Japanese medicine. In these countries, this plant has been used in treating a wide array of health conditions such as moxibustion. Generally, herbalists have prescribed this plant to people with the following medical conditions;

  1. Anxiety
  2. Irregular menstruation
  3. Itching that results from scars. Studies reveals that when this herb is used with menthol it helps in relieving itching on burns on human body.
  4. Stomach problems such as cramps, colic, slow digestion, constipation and diarrhea.
  5. Epilepsy
  6. Low energy


These are some of the health issues that can be treated using this herb. However, there is no sufficient scientific evidence that this herb is capable of treating all of them.


Dosage and Administration

There are several factors that determine dosage of this herb. They include the age of the user, their health and other body conditions. However, currently there is no sufficient scientific information regarding the appropriate dose of Mugwort. Nevertheless, it is important to bear in mind though natural, herbs are not always safe and getting more information about dosage is very important. If you buy this herb from a pharmacy, ask the pharmacist about its appropriate dosage. You should also consult your doctor or physician before starting to use this herb.


Traditionally, herbalists have prescribed two cups of tea made of mugwort. This tea is prepared by putting fresh leaves of mugwort in boiling water for five to ten minutes. This tea should be taken for six consecutive days. Children aged below 18 years do not have a safe dosage for this herbal remedy.


Parts used

The part of this herb that are used are basically the leaves. Its roots are also used in making herbal medicine for various medical conditions. Stems are also used and they can be harvested and dried for later use. These parts are used to make concoction that is applied on the itching part of the body. They are also used in making tea that is taken on regular basis every day.



There are a lot of benefits derived from the use of this herb. Being a natural medication, this herb has little or no side effects when used properly. It is also readily available in some parts of the world. When used appropriately, it treats various medical conditions such as epilepsy, stomach problems, itching, menstrual problems and anxiety among others.


Side Effects

There is no sufficient information about the safety of using mugwort as medication. However, pregnant and breastfeeding mothers should avoid using it because it can cause miscarriage. It can cause contraction of the uterus and even start menstruation. This herb can also cause allergic reaction to individuals who are allergic to plants of compositae or asteraceae family. There fore, if you are allergic to chrysanthemum, daisies, ragweed, among other plants in this family you should avoid using this herb. People who are allergic to royal jelly and honey should also avoid using this herb.

Generally, it is always important to have sufficient information before you can start using any herbal medication. Therefore, contact your doctor or physician before using this herb as a medication.


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