As stated earlier, mumps is a viral disease. It is caused by viral disease, one of the most contagious viruses, among the many such viruses that are responsible for a number of human diseases. The virus resides within the body of the affected child for a long time. The worst side of mumps is that, it is highly airborne.
It is therefore caused by spreading from one infected child to the other. Besides, it is more likely to attack children who reside near each other, or are closer to each other. This is due to the fact that, they share the same respiratory gases, thus enhancing their probability of contacting mumps. It can also be caused through the mouth, thanks to the tiny saliva drops that come out of the mouth while one is talking. Sneezing can have also been linked with contacting and spreading of mumps. Similarly, sharing drinking and eating utensils also plays a role in contacting and spreading of this disease.
The virus that is responsible for mumps, can also finds its way to the surfaces of objects, which many people touch unconsciously. For instance, it might find it way on stairs and doors that are frequently used by many people. Kissing has also been closely linked to the spreading of mumps virus. It exposes someone into direct contact to this virus, hence contacting them with this disease.
It is also worth noting that, mumps is a highly contagious disease, like said earlier before. It has been rated among the most contagious diseases, which have been attacking man from the time immemorial. Upon contacting it, one salivary glands starts to swell within the first nine days. It extends till the time the child will seek medical attention. Failure to do so can be deadly. At some extreme cases, there is dire need to isolate those children that are suffering from mumps from those that are free from it. This is due to the common understanding that, if one of the kid is having mumps, especially in schools, then the infected kid is in a position to infect the entire school.
The mumps virus has one of the longest incubation periods, as compared to the other air borne diseases that are prevalent in many places of the earth. However, that doesn't mean those mumps viruses are less severe than other types of virus that are found in other air borne diseases. The time taken for the incubation of the virus that is from the time a child is exposed to the mumps virus, to the time that they develop the first symptoms, is estimated to be between 14 to 18 days. Beyond this duration, it can be deadly and thus calls for the isolation of infected kids, from its counterparts who are healthy.
The spreading of mumps is also affected by seasons. Apparently, the rate at which the mumps virus is spread is higher at winter and spring seasons. This is due to the fact that the conditions for thriving of this virus are favorable at this season of the year. In addition, children who are subject to having a weakened immune system are prone to this disease. The other thing that is attributed to this disease is traveling to high risk regions. As stated earlier before. Mumps is prevalent in developing countries. Among these countries are located in Africa, Latin America and Southern East Asia. Those that are traveling to these regions are at a higher risk of contacting mumps. This is due to the fact that such region are still having low mumps vaccination rate. This therefore makes the prevalence of mumps to be very high. The other cause that has been attributed to mumps is failing to be immunized appropriately. This occurs especially when a child fails to take all the doses that are required, before one is in a position to claim that they are fully vaccinated from mumps. This therefore will lead to a scenario whereby there will be prone to getting mumps.