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Oat (Avena Sativa)


The botanical name for oat is Avena Sativa and it belongs to Graminaceae family. It is an erect, herbaceous, annual plant with a stem that is straw like, elongated and with rough flat leaves. The seeds are spindle shaped, gold and elongated and it is primarily grown because of its widespread usage in the food production.


Medicinal Uses

Oat was traditionally used for the purpose of treating cases of nervous tension as a nerve tonic. It was also used for addressing cases of insomnia and depression. Currently, Oat (Avena sativa) has several medicinal values.


  • Oat stalks can be used to brew herbal tea and this is used to treat high blood pressure as well as osteoporosis.
  • Oat has sedating and calming effects as well and for this reason, it is also used for the treatment of menopausal symptoms, depression and exhaustion of the nervous system.
  • Hyperactive children can also benefit from oat by addressing panic and anxiety attacks.
  • Because of its properties, it is also used for reduction of cigarette cravings.
  • It is used externally for treatment of dry skin, eczema and acne.
  • It is also used as an aphrodisiac since it has properties that increase muscle excitability. 


Dosage and Administration

Avena sativa can be administered in different forms such as in tincture, capsule form or tea. This means that the dosage will vary in accordance to the form you are taken it in. Taking the appropriate dosage of oat (Avena sativa) is important for the purposes of avoiding cases of side effects. On average, you are supposed to take at least three hundred grams of Avena sativa in a day when in capsule format. As tincture, you are supposed to take three to five milliliters at least 3 times a day and in tea form, it is recommended you three cups a day. If this amount is exceeded you are exposed to the risk of suffering from side effects associated with oat.


Parts Used

The stalk and seed are the parts used for medicinal and food purposes.



There are several benefits associated with use of oat (Avena Sativa) and some of these are as highlighted below.


  • Oat is known to help with the control of blood sugar. People with blood sugar complications and who use oat are known to have low insulin and glucose concentrations compared to those who don’t.
  • Oat straw has high concentrations of calcium and for this reason, it is known to aid in strengthening of bones.
  • Another major benefit associated with oat straw is the improvement of cognition functions. Oat is effective for improving memory and level of concentration. For this to bear the desired results, patients with memory loss are supposed to take oat extract on a weekly basis. When this is done, there is a steady improvement of concentration level and attention as well as the ability to focus on tasks.
  • Oat (Avena sativa) also helps with lowering blood cholesterol and this is seen as another major benefit. Oats are widely known for having properties that help with the lowering of cholesterol properties and it is also high in antioxidants and anti-inflammatory properties.
  • It has properties that are soothing to the brain as well as the nervous system and at the same time, it increases sexual desire while improving performance in both sexes. 
  • It is the best remedy for individuals suffering from cases of insomnia and for this reason, highly recommended for addressing the same.


Side Effects    

When oat is taken in the appropriate dosage, no side effects are noted and this is especially true in regard to the nervous central nervous and cardiovascular system. While this is the case, there are possible effects associated with oat (Avena sativa) and some of these are as highlighted below.


  • Side Effects Caused by High Dosage

When oat is taken in high doses, it can trigger effects such as restlessness, sleeplessness and increase in the heart rate. In addition to this, high dosage can also trigger headaches.


  • Side Effects Triggered by Allergic Reactions

In other cases, the side effects might be as a result of allergic reactions. When oat is taken in dosage considered normal, side effects are not noted except in cases of allergic reactions. In this case, people with allergies might experience reactions like difficulty while breathing, hives, chest pain or tightness, swelling, rashes and itchiness.



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