Rheumatism, also known as rheumatoid arthritis is a condition that affects the joints especially synovial joints. It may also attack other tissues and organs in the body. Women are more likely to be affected by rheumatism unlike men. The symptoms are usually seen when women approach 50 years. The disease often leads to a permanent damage to the articular cartilage and where the joints fuse. It can also cause a destruction of the heart membranes, the lungs, clear and the pleura. The causes of the disease are not quite clear although medical experts have enough evidence as to what triggers the disease. According to a medical survey, about 1% of the world’s population suffers from rheumatism women being more affected than men. Even though the disease may affect people who are between 40 to 50 years, any age group can be affected. This conditional can be both painful and disabling for people who are affected and can lead to substantial damage if the disease is not tended to.
A diagnosis is usually made after a thorough physical exam and a variety of treatments administered afterwards. A person who studies rheumatism is known as a rheumatologist.