The arm muscles can suffer injury or small tears when exposed to muscle overuse or forceful muscle movement(s). Excessive muscle use which involves straightening of the arm wrist, can lead to injury of the tendons both on the elbow and arm which in turn may lead to occurrence of small tears and which in turn may lead to the development of rough tissues on the bony lumps of the arm. Often tennis elbow is thought to be caused by playing the tennis game. In as much this might be a cause, there are several other things that may cause tennis elbow including;
- Various sports activities including swimming, javelin, discus, squash and other racquet sports. Such sports usually involve moving of the arms and at times the arms can be injured by accidental forceful movement of the arm leading to injury or occurrence of tiny tears.
- Repetitive manual work like load lifting or turning, typing, gardening, use of scissors can also cause tennis elbow.
Basically, tennis elbow will be a result of damage or injury to the arm or elbow ligaments, muscles or tendons. Muscles are made up of micro tears and such are responsible for movement regulation. The tears are also responsible for the occurrence of pain and inflammation which may end up forming calcium deposits and scarring of the tissues making up the tendons and muscles. If the scars are left untreated they kind of pressure the nerves surrounding the arm thereby limiting or even completely cutting off blood flow to the muscle.
Butchers, construction workers, painters, cooks and plumbers due to the repetitive movement nature of their work are at higher risks of getting tennis elbow from time to time.