A urinary tract infection will always come unannounced, leaving many people to only guess what the probable cause is. Before you can treat any medical condition, it is very important to start by understanding what the cause could be. This is will enable doctors to come up with a lasting solution that not only relieves the symptoms but also deals with the root cause. Some of the conditions that could trigger an infection include:
- Bacteria: Bacteria are by far the leading cause of most urinary tract infections. These bacteria usually reside on the skin around the rectum or right within the vagina. These pathogens usually spread to other parts of the urinary tract via the urethra. Once inside the urethra, the bacteria move upwards towards the bladder where they cause infection.
- Sexual intercourse: The nature of the female urinary tract clearly makes them more susceptible to UTI's. As a result, sexual intercourse has become a common cause of these infections. During intercourse, bacteria within the vagina can easily be massaged to enter the urethra. This is why women with multiple sexual partners or those who are more active sexually are at a higher risk of infection.
- You could also develop UTI by waiting too long before urinating. Waiting for a very long time usually forces one's bladder to expand way beyond its capacity. When this happens repeatedly, the bladder walls weaken and the bladder fails to empty totally. The urine left behind increases risk of infection.
Symptoms of Urinary Tract Infection (UTI)
There are far too mane infections and disorders that affect the reproductive system thus telling them apart is never easy. However, by understanding the symptoms of UTI's, it will be nearly impossible for you to mistake it them for any other infections. Here are some of the symptoms associated with urinary tract infection:
- A very strong urge to urinate that can never be delayed.
- A sharp pain or a burning sensation within the urethra every time urine is passed.
- Very little urine being released every time, even when the urge was very strong.
- Urine released could be tinged with a little blood.
- A quickly recurring urge to urinate.
- Soreness could be experienced on the back, lower abdomen or on the sides.
The recurring urge to urinate can be very disturbing especially when you need to sleep. It is after the bacteria find way to the uterus and the kidney that symptoms like chills, fever, nausea and back pain occur.